why do we have mandatory minimum sentences

why do we have mandatory minimum sentences

Families Against Mandatory Minimums. Retrieved. David Muhlhausen, Ph. D (May 27, 2010). Heritage. org. from the original on October 27, 2016. Retrieved November 5,. Berkeley Journal of Criminal Law. 2. from the original on 2017-02-02. Wright, Valerie (November 2010). The Sentencing Project. Retrieved. Kristen K. Sauer (Jun 1995). Informed Conviction: Instructing the Jury about Mandatory Sentencing Consequences. 95. Columbia Law Review. pp. P12321272. State of Idaho v. Mario A. Ruiz (Court of Appeals of Idaho; February 19, 2009). Rothwell, V. (2011). Boggs Act. In M. Kleiman, J. Hawdon (Eds. ), Encyclopedia of drug policy. (pp. 96-98). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. : 2014-07-09 at the. 2015-10-23 at the. The article also has a chart of mandatory minimum sentences for first

 won't get fooled again the who lyrics

won't get fooled again the who lyrics

This is an amazing, insightful song about Society, Govornment, and how things never REALLY change, they just get moved around. History repeats itself! 'Meet the new boss, same as the old boss' echos true today. Whether it's Clinton, Bush or Obama, what's the difference. it's about revolutions in general, a good example is the french revolution. robespierre = new boss, Louis XVI=old boss. even tho that's not what pete townshend says. he said it's a plea to the audience not to make him the new boss, that you should be your own boss, cuz he's the same as the guy who was on the stage 5 minutes ago. he also said he takes full responsibility for the fact that his generation complained about the state of the world and did nothing to change it. that relates to teenage wasteland in baba o'riley

 why do they say owls are wise

why do they say owls are wise

hat is it about owls that so captivates us? What has made them among the most popular, reproduced, documented and frequently referenced birds in British culture? The answer is simple. Owls inhabit the one landscape that we weak-sighted, day-loving primates still haven't mastered. Night-time. These glorious birds loom at us out of the darkness, freighted with a rich sense of mystery and, at one time, with a touch of evil. Owls were once seen as dangerous omens and not even Victorian intellectuals could resist the superstition. John Ruskin once announced: "Whatever wise people may say of them, I at least have found the owl's cry always prophetic of mischief. " Seeing a bird land on a particular roof was often taken as a sign of impending doom within. The owl had more than its nocturnal

 why do we say god bless you after someone sneezes

why do we say god bless you after someone sneezes

Does your heart stop when you sneeze? No, your heart does not stop when you sneeze. A sneeze begins with a tickling sensation in the nerve endings that sends a message to your brain that it needs to rid itself of something irritating the lining of your nose. You first take a deep breath and hold it, which tightens your chest muscles. The pressure of air in your lungs increases, you close your eyes, your tongue presses against the roof of your mouth and suddenly your breath comes out fast through your nose. So where did the myth originate that your heart stops when you sneeze? The changing pressure in your chest due to sneezing also changes your blood flow, which may change the rhythm of your heartbeat. Dr. Richard Conti, past president of the American College of Cardiology, speculates

 why do we need to drink water to lose weight

why do we need to drink water to lose weight

Most of the studies listed below looked at the effect of drinking one, 0. 5 liter (17 oz) serving of water. increases the amount of calories you burn, which is known as resting energy expenditure ( ). In adults, resting energy expenditure has been shown to increase by 24в30% within 10 minutes of drinking water. This lasts at least 60 minutes (, ). Supporting this, one study of overweight and obese children found a 25% increase in resting energy expenditure after drinking cold water ( ). A study of overweight women examined the effects of increasing water intake to over 1 liter (34 oz) per day. They found that over a 12-month period, this resulted in an extra 2 kg (4. 4 lbs) of weight loss ( ). Since these women didn t make any lifestyle changes except to drink more water, these results

 why does my nose go red when i drink alcohol

why does my nose go red when i drink alcohol

There are a number of people who face the problem of their face turning red while drinking alcohol. People usually debate on the fact whether this change in the color of the face is healthy or unhealthy. If you are worried about the same issue, then here is some information that can be of help to you. The first thing that you need to know is why you turn red when you drink alcohol. Well, this is a result of the alcohol flush reaction. This happens when your body is unable to break the alcohol that you have consumed completely. When you consume alcohol, it metabolizes into a by product called as acetaldehyde. Now to break this acetaldehyde your body makes use of an enzyme aldehyde dehydrogenase 2. So, when there is a problem in your body regarding this aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 like the

 why does my cat fart all the time

why does my cat fart all the time

Do cats fart? You re not the first cat parentбwho has wondered. And if cats do fart, are cat farts normal and why do cats fart? YouБre in luck Б today weБll be clearing the air on the subject ofбfeline flatulence. Do cats fart? If so,бwhy do cats fart? Before you become worried, know this: most cat farts are normal, and almost all of themбare odorless. Some common causes of kitty toots are: Dietary changes, especially ones that arenБt gradual When should you worry about cat farts? Although mostб cat farts areб benign, some red flags should alert you to consult with your catБs veterinarian. When cat farts are accompanied by these symptoms, they could indicate more serious health issues: What health problems are associated with cat farts? During a veterinary consultation, the health

 why do they put cotton balls in pill bottles

why do they put cotton balls in pill bottles

It's the worst isn't it? You have the most awful headache or a fever, you reach for your pill bottle and you have to sift through cotton in order to reach the relief you seek. But why are there cotton balls in pill bottles in the first place? Bayer actually started the ritual in the early 20th century in order to keep their pills in place. Powder pills would often break from moving around in the bottle and people weren't getting their proper dosage because they would try to piece them together. Medicine has come a long way in the past 100 years and most pills are coated, thus removing the need for the cotton. According to the Wall Street Journal, Bayer stopped the practice in 1999, but because people are used to seeing the little cotton balls in their pills, they expect it -- some

 why do the bottom of my toes hurt

why do the bottom of my toes hurt

in the toe can arise due to abnormalities or injury to any of the structures in the toe, including skin, nerves, bones, blood vessels, and soft tissues. Toe pain is a fairly common symptom, since our are constantly exposed to injury by, or other athletic activity, and moving around. Some types of toe can be accompanied by numbness, burning, warmth, or other symptoms. The most common causes of toe pain include ingrown toenails, or, other injuries, and and. (including, and other types of arthritis) and infections are additional causes of toe pain. Kasper, D. L. , et al. , eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015. ...

 why does my cat purr when he sees me

why does my cat purr when he sees me

Cats purr, as the meow to communicate. Purring doesn't always mean the cat is happy. It's a type of language for the cat. There has been research into the way cat's communicate with their owners and how the different types of meows and purrs evoke reactions in their owners, ultimately helping the cat to communicate her needs and wants and getting them met. The pitch of the sound will evoke certain emotional responses within cat owners to express whether the cat's needs are urgent or a signal of being contended. (1)(2) Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) is also known as the purring disease; is an illness that can be fatal to cats and one of the features is that the cat will continue to purr up until the moment of death or last consciousness before death. ...