why is wood a bad conductor of heat

conduction The transfer of heat energy through a material - without the material itself moving. Metals are good conductors of heat but non-metals and gases are usually poor conductors of heat. Poor conductors of heat are called
insulators. Heat energy is conducted from the hot end of an object to the cold end. The electrons in piece of metal can leave their atoms and move about in the metal as free electrons. The parts of the metal atoms left behind are now charged metal ions. The ions are packed closely together and they vibrate continually. The hotter the metal, the more kinetic energy The energy that moving objects have. these vibrations have. This kinetic energy is transferred from hot parts of the metal to cooler parts by the free electrons. These move through the structure of the metal, colliding with ions as they go.


You are probably more with conductors than you. If you have ever poured a of, worn an, or taken a from a, you already have some with thermal conductors. likes to travel, but only in one. Did you know travels only from warm or hot things to colder things? This makes sense when you there is no such thing as в. " There is only. Cold is simply the of! If you hold an cube in your bare hand, it might seem like the coldness of the ice cube makes your hand cold. The truth, though, is that your hand is actually warming up the ice cube, as travels from your warm body to the cold ice. The result? A cube. As your hand loses to the ice cube, it feels cooler. , such as, transfers through some materials easily. These materials are called conductors.


Metals are great conductors because passes through them quickly. Then there are materials called "insulators" that do not allow to pass through easily. These materials include, cork, wood, Styrofoam, and. Thermal insulators are thus good at maintaining a consistent level of в whether hot or cold. One example of a great insulator is a. If you put in a, you can open it later and enjoy warm soup on a cold winter day. The insulates the soup, trapping the inside. Likewise, if you are playing on a hot afternoon, your full of ice water stays refreshing and cold. The acts as an insulator, keeping out. As you may have guessed by now, insulators make poor conductors. Manufacturers use this scientific fact to make products we use safer. Consider the, for example.


If you have ever looked closely at a, you may have noticed the body of the is made of metal, while the handle is made of wood or. The body of the must be able to conduct in order for the water inside to boil. Since metal is a great, it easily passes from the stove to the water inside. That's why manufacturers use metal for the body of the. You already know it would be a very bad idea to touch the body of the with your bare hand. Thankfully, it has a handle. If the handle of the was metal, however, it would also conduct from the stove в to your hand в and that would be a very unpleasant surprise. In order to prevent burns, manufacturers make handles out of good insulators, such as wood and. This means you can enjoy a warm drink without burning your hand.

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