why is the white sea called the white sea

White Sea, Russian
Beloye More, Beloye also spelled Beloje, an almost landlocked extension of the indenting the shores of northwestern. It is connected to the more northerly by a long, narrow strait known as the Gorlo (БThroatБ). The boundary between the two seas runs along a line joining Cape Kanin Nos and Cape Svyatoy Nos. The area of the White Sea is approximately 35,000 square miles (90,000 square km). Its mean depth is 200 feet (60 metres), and its maximum depth is 1,115 feet (340 metres) in the northeast part of the Kandalaksha Inlet. The seaБs irregular shape is formed by the large Kandalaksha, Onega, Dvina, and Mezen gulfs. The largest islands in the sea are Solovetskiye, at the entrance to Onega Bay; Morzhovy, at the entrance to the Gorlo Strait; and Mudyuga, at the entrance to Dvina Bay. The seaБs northwest shores are bordered by steep cliffs; the southeast shores are low and flat. Rivers flowing into the sea include the Northern Dvina, Mezen, Onega, Vyg, Niva, Umba, Varzuga, and Ponoy. The White Sea is situated on a whose present form appears as a landБs-end depression on the slope of the ancient structural block known as the Baltic Shield. The bottom of the sea is badly broken up. In the northwest lies the Kandalaksha Hollow with its sharply formed sides that apparently originated as a fault.


In the southern portion is an elevation known as the. Many small underwater elevations are found in the Onega Inlet. Sandy underwater ridges, created by inflowing currents, prevail in the Gorlo Strait, Voronka, and the Mezen mouth. The seaБs chief hollow is separated from the Barents Sea by a sill 130 feet deep, which restricts deepwater exchange between the two bodies of water. The White Sea contains more than 700 species of multicellular invertebrates, about 60 species of fish, and 5 species of marine mammals. The is relatively small, however. Of greatest value as food are the lysun (a kind of Greenland seal) and. The regionБs economic value derives from the rich neighbouring land, which is heavily forested, and from the elaborate river network that connects remoter regions with the sea. The White Sea is an important route connecting the economically active portions of northwestern Russia with RussiaБs Far Eastern ports and with foreign countries. It is also linked to the water transportation system of European Russia by the, which empties into. Here it meets the, which shipping from the Baltic, Black, Caspian, and Azov seas.


The principal ports along the White Sea are, Belomorsk, Onega, Mezen, Kem, Kandalaksha, and Umba. With the help of icebreakers in winter, navigation continues year-round. The White Sea is a bay of the Barents Sea on the northwest coast of Russia. The total surface area is approximately 35,000 square miles (90,000 square km). Depth is 200 ft (60 m) and its maximum depth is 1,115 ft (340 m) in the north part of the Kandalaksha inlet. It is bounded by Karelia to the west, the Kanin Peninsula to the northeast, and the Kola Peninsula to the north. White Sea has the important port of Arkhangelsk. This was Russia's main centre of international maritime trade, carried out by the so-called Pomors or seaside settlers from Kholmogory. The White Sea with the Baltic Sea is connected by White Sea-Baltic Canal. Winds are mainly southwestern in winter with speeds of 4-8m/s. Cold air comes from the south, and the temperature is -15 C (February). The northern part of temperature is -9 C, sometimes reaching -6 C, due to the warm air masses from the Atlantic. Summers are cold and cloudy, with northeastern winds and frequent rains. The average temperature in northeastern is-25 C (brings much colder weather).


In the month of July, average temperature is 8-10 C. In winter, the sea freezes from October to November till May to June. In the month of January, the water temperature is -1. 9 C in the north, between -1. 3 and -1. 7? in the centre, and between -0. 5 and -0. 7? in the bays. The thickness of the ice is about 40 cm and it may reach up to 150 cm in cold winters. In summer, the water warms up to 15? , in north it remains cold at 7-8? , because of water exchange between the surface and the cold bottom part which is extent of the shallow depths in the northern parts. White Sea contains more than 700 species of multi cellular invertebrates, 60 species of fish, and 5 species of marine mammals including friendly Beluga and white whale. Several dolphin species such as Harbour Porpoises, it appears low while large whales are rare visitors to the waters. Fishing industry is relatively low and greatest foods are the herring. The White Sea has a many number of small islands. Solovetsky Islands is the main island group in the White Sea, located almost in its middle. Kiy Island in Onega Bay is important due to a historic monastery. Velikiy Island is the largest island in the Kandalaksha Gulf, located close to the shore.

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