why do the clocks go back in winter
TWICE every year our clocks change by oneбhour - with people either gaining or losing an hour of their precious sleep. The in the summer and a whole hour extra in bed when autumn arrives. But just what is the reason for the switches? In 2018, British Summer Time begins on March 25
When do the clocks change in 2018? This year, Sunday, March 25 marks the start of BST and clocks go forward by one hour. The change ensures that there is more more daylight in the evenings and less in the mornings. Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) will resume from the last Sunday in October (October 28) Б when the. To avoid confusion, many use the phrase spring forward in spring, fall back in fall to remember when the clocks change. When do the clocks go forward and back? On Sunday, March 25 at 1am, clocks go forward one hour signalling the start of British Summer Time (BST). This means a whole hour less in bed but gives us more daylight later into the evening. BST will remain in place until October 28б Б when clocks go back by one hour at 2am and GMT resumes. The Summer Time Act of 1916 was passed by Parliament and the first day of British summer was reported as May 21, 1916 What is the history of British Summer Time? in a bid to stop people wasting valuable hours of light in the summer months. In summer the sun rises and sets one hour later than it would without daylight saving. In a pamphlet called БThe Waste of DaylightБ Willett suggested clocks should be advanced by 80 minutes over four stages in April, and reversed the same way in September. Germany became the first country to adopt the clock-changing plan on April 30, 1916, in order to save on coal usage, and on May 21, Britain followed, as World War One was underway. The Summer Time Act of 1916 was passed by Parliament and the first day of British summer was reported as May 21, 1916. Supporters at the time of the proposal argued the scheme would save energy by reducing domestic coal consumption.
They also said it would increase supplies available for manufacturing the war effort during WW1. It has been in place ever since Б despite criticism from some groups. Some critics argue BST should be completely abolished and Britain should operate on GMT permanently. They argue there is little practical gain from changing the time twice a year and the process is disruptive to schools and business. Do smartphone clocks update themselves automatically? Luckily, when theб clocks change, most devices connected to the internet like tablets, iPhones and other smart phones will update automatically. However it s still best to check so you don t get caught out. The clocks in your kitchen and in your car are unlikely to update, likewise your watch and any other clocks around the house will need to be manually changed. It s that time of year again where we make the most of the daylight hours during the winter season. The change of the clocks oftenPresults in a state of confusion for the majority of the country, as we lose or gain an hour throughout the course of the year. But why do we change the clocks anyway? 1. It was William Willett s idea The proposal for Daylight Savings Time was put forward by William Willett in 1907, as he argued that we were wasting important daylight by rising at the same time in the summer as we did throughout the winter months. He believed we should advance our clocks by 80 minutes via four incremental sets of 20 minutes during April. This would then be reversed in the same fashion during September. 2. PThePclocks first changed in 1916 However, though Willett proposed this in 1907, Britain failed to adopt the idea until 1916, a month after Germany had taken up the idea. The idea was then particularly attractive as the First World War was taking its toll on the nation and anything that could improve productivity was encouraged. 3.
PBenjamin Franklin joked about changing the clocks back in 1784 Daylight Savings Time was first satirically proposed by Benjamin Franklin in a letter he addressed to Parisians in 1784. His argument was that more daylight would mean people wouldn t waste candles by having to burn them for longer. 4. PRetailers rely on Christmas to offset the clock change Retailers as the darker evenings mean much fewer people are likely to go shopping in the evenings after work. Obviously, any damage done is offset by the manic Christmas period, but with both opening and closing occurring in the dark, it can seem like a long time before the clocks change again! 5. PClocks change on a Sunday thanks to the EU Daylight Savings Time is always kept between the last Sunday of March and the last Sunday of October, and all changes take place at 01:00 GMT as according to an EU directive. 6. PChanging the time helped coal supply during World War One The main reason for turning the clocks back was to make the most of the daylight available in the summer. Another argument, however, was that the different hours would affect the amount of domestic coal usage, thereby increasing the supplies available for manufacture and for supporting WWI. 7. Dairy farmers in the North like changing the time most There are many other reasons why we change our clocks twice during the year. Agriculture is a major concern, with farmers working hours being more affected by the amount of daylight available in the morning than the rest of us. Farmers often rise or begin work at around 5 in the morning. If the clocks were not adjusted, dairy farmers located in the North of the country would not see dawn until after 9 oclock, meaning hours of working in the dark. 8. Spring forward, fall back To avoid confusion, simply memorise the simple phrase spring forward, fall back.
The clocks always spring forward an hour on the last weekend in March, and fall back on the final weekend of October. 9. Clocks go back around the world in the world have any type of clock change at all and these don t necessarily occur on the same schedule. Not even all the U. S states operate on the same schedule, with parts of Arizona, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, the U. S Virgin Islands and American Samoa declining to follow suit. 10. It s going to get dark, very dark At the height of summer, on the summer solstice, the UK enjoys a hefty 16 hours and 50 minutes of sunlight. However, that is going to shrink to a measly 7 hours and 40 minutes on the winter solstice. Putting the clocks back helps us take advantage of the little daylight we get. Find out more about the dates clocks change. What is the effect of putting the clocks back? Setting the clocks back by an hour at the end of October means the mornings are lighter, which can have an effect on the time you wake up in the morning. To make sure youre getting sufficient rest, make sure your bedroom will be dark enough for you to achieve your full 8 hours. Wake and sleep time are the major effect that the clocks changing can have, with many struggling to get enough rest. suggested a spike in reported heart attacks in the week after springing forward, possibly due to sleep loss. To ensure you have the best chance of getting a good nights sleep, consider altering your bedtime by ten minutes over a few days in anticipation of the change. You should also continue to practise good sleeping habits, by avoiding screens a good hour before bedtime, avoiding caffeine and other stimulants and making sure you have a comfortable sleeping environment in which to spend your extra hour of sleep. Remember: the UK reverts to GMT on the last Sunday in October, which means an extra hour in bed for us all!
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