why was the battle of bunker hill significance
The Battle of Bunker Hill was an important battle even though it was fought over a year before the Revolutionary War began. It sent a strong message to both the British and the colonists what the upcoming Revolutionary War would be like. The colonists had the advantage of the location at the Battle of Bunker Hill. The colonists controlled the hill, which is usually an advantage in a battle. However, the British had more supplies and weapons than the colonists had. It took the British three tries to capture the Bunker Hill, which in reality was Breeds Hill. The British captured the hill only because the colonists ran out of ammunition. This battle was important because it sent a message to both the sides.
The colonists began to believe they could fight against the British army and be successful against them. They gained confidence from this battle because their loss was caused by a lack of ammunition. The colonists believed they would do well fighting against the British army. The British began to realize this was not going to such an easy conflict to fight. If the British believed they would go into the colonies and fight and win the war quickly, this battle sent them a message that would not be the case. This battle, while occurring a year before the Declaration of Independence was issued, was important because of the messages it sent to both sides.
In a word, Inspiration!
The Battle of Bunker Hill (technically on Breed's Hill in Charlestown, MA) occurred on June 17, 1775 when General Gage, the British Commander, unwisely ordered a frontal attack on the colonist's makeshift, but strategic fort overlooking Boston Harbor. P The British, the most powerful military force in the world at the time, were to engage the poorly trained and equipped colonial militia. P Although not the first armed conflict between Colonist and Briton, this battle proved to be one of the bloodiest in the war. P The Colonists, outnumbered and outgunned, were eventually forced to retreat, and the British took the possession, but only after suffering nearly 1100 casualties to the Colonist's 400.
Although a shocked King George responded by declaring the colonies in a state of rebellion, the most important significance of the battle was the realization by Britain that they were in for a long hard fight, and concurrently, the inspiration created among the Americans by realizing their volunteer militia inflicted nearly 3 to 1 casualties on the best army in the world. The battle gave the Americans the will to take on the British, and possibly even win! Win the Battle, Lose the War. Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th ed. , vol. 4,P pg. 799. P
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