why was north and south carolina founded

When was the colony of South Carolina founded? The South Carolina Colony was founded in 1633 by eight English nobles with a Royal Charter from King Charles II - refer to
and the. North and South Carolina were one colony until 1729. Meaning of State name: Carolina is derived from the Latin name Carolus, translated as Charles. The state was named in honor Charles IX of France and then King Charles I and Charles II of England. During the 1660's the Proprietors of the vast colony and land named Carolina realized that it was not possible for one governor and one assembly to manage a colony as big as Carolina. The major settlements in the Carolinas were Cape Fear, Charles Town and Albemarle were miles apart and travelling between the settlements was time consuming and difficult. In 1691, the Colonial Proprietors of Carolina appointed a governor for the whole of Carolina and a deputy governor for the North of the colony.


In 1712, North Carolina and South Carolina were officially divided. Fast facts and interesting information about the founding, establishment, geography, climate, religion, history, natural resources, raw material, industries (refer to ) and the famous historical people associated with the South Carolina Colony of Colonial America. Information and facts at a glance about the South Carolina Colony via this fast fact file. Climate: The Southern colonies were the warmest of the three regions, winters not difficult to survive, but the hot and humid summers gave rise to the spread of disease. The warm climate made it possible to grow crops throughout the year and was ideally suited for plantations Religion: Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Baptists, Anglicans and others. Refer to Religion in the Colonies Natural Resources: Fish, forests (timber) and good agricultural land.


Farming and Plantations were important. Exported agricultural products to other colonies Economics and Trade: Concentrated on agriculture and developed the plantations exporting tobacco, cotton, corn, vegetables, grain, fruit and livestock Government: By 1775 North Carolina was governed as a Royal Colony. Original Name: The original name of the colony was the Province of South Carolina, later South Carolina The Southern Colonies had the largest slave population who worked on the plantations. Plantations grew cotton, tobacco, rice, sugar, indigo (a purple dye), and other crops Some of the plantations were massive and consisted of the main house, slave quarters, a dairy, blacksmith's shop, laundry, smokehouse and barns which made the plantations to large degree, self-sufficient Crops were traded for items that could not be produced on the plantations including shoes, lace, thread, farm tools and dishes The Colony became a state on May 23, 1788.


For additional facts and info refer to the Change from Colonies to States Trade in the Southern colonies included Tobacco, cotton, rice, indigo (dye), lumber, furs, farm products - refer to Colonial Times These were all hardy industrious people. But besides these there came many worthless idlers who came to be known as "poor whites. " These came because in the early days when the colony was but sparsely peopled, and more settlers were wanted, a law was passed that a new settler need not pay any debts he had made before he came to the colony; and for a year after he came he need pay no taxes. These laws of course brought many shiftless folk who, having got hopelessly into debt somewhere else, ran away to Carolina to get free of it. Indeed so many of these undesirables came that the Virginians called Carolina the Rogues' Harbour.

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