why is the skin under my eyes dark

When you spot those under your eyes, is your lack of sleep the first thing you blame? While getting a decent amount of shut eye is incredibly important, being tired isn't the only reason your skin appears red, purple, and even a little blue. These are seven other things that could be keeping the area under your eyes from looking their best and brightest. 1. Your parents passed on bad genes. That's right your parents could be to blame for your dark circles. "There are hereditary conditions that run in families that can lead to darkness under the eyes," explains New York City dermatologist, Director of the Juva Skin Laser Center in New York. "This is very common in people with Mediterranean backgrounds. " The good news: if it's pigmentation, there are specific lasers dermatologists can use that can help you get rid of it. 2. Eczema could be leading you to rub. While the eczema itself may not lead to the dark circles, the constant rubbing and itching most certainly can. "Excessive rubbing can lead to increased swelling, inflammation, and broken blood vessels in the eye area, which can give the skin a dark, almost bruised appearance," says dermatologist, Director at The Center for Dermatology, Cosmetic Laser Surgery in Mt. Kisco, NY. 3. Allergies can make you itchy. Skin conditions like eczema aren't the only health concern that can cause your under eye woes. "Allergies often trigger histamines in the body which cause blood vessels to dilate," explains Dr. Bank. "Since the skin on our eyelid and under eye area is some of the thinnest in the body, it may cause those swollen blood vessels to appear darker than the rest of the face. " Long story short: Take care of those allergies ASAP, then your derm can treat the pigmentation. 4.


Your makeup could be irritating you. It seems counterintuitive makeup is supposed to, right? But if you're using a product, whether it's a mascara, eyeshadow, or even concealer, that bugs your skin, it could be leading to worsened circles. "Some people develop allergic reactions to makeup, and they get circles from the irritation, rubbing, and scratching," warns Dr. Katz. If you notice your eyes are looking a little rough after using that, perhaps steer clear. 5. Your bone structure could be to blame. Surprisingly, your circles could have nothing to do with your actual skin it could simply be the way your face is shaped. "When people have deep tear troughs under their eyes, the shadowing and indentation can cause the, but it's not actually from pigment or veins," says Dr. Katz. If this is your personal dilemma, Dr. Katz says fillers from a certified pro can even out the eye area. 6. Veins can give you a blue tint. If your eye areas look particularly blue, it could simply be your blood vessels. "Blue veins under your eyes look dark, too, so it makes the eyelids and under eyes appear to have dark circles, but really it's just the veins under the skin," explains Dr. Katz. Try using
to cover 'em up. 7. You're not protecting your skin from the sun. You may think heading outside could brighten up your skin, but not if you let your delicate under eye area get too exposed. "Eyelid skin is the thinnest in the body, so sun damage shows up quickly in this area in the form of dilating and increased blood flow," says Dr.


Bank. "As a result, you can see a dark glow or color through the transparency of the skin. " Just another reason to wear SPF! Follow Good Housekeeping on and. Darkening of the skin around the eyes can make a person look older, tired, depressed or just plain hung-over. It is possible to use concealer, get more rest and reduce stress, but chances are those dark circles persist. Dark circles around the eyes do not necessarily mean that someone is in poor health. Having a better understand of the condition can help find the right treatment. Melanin is the pigment which gives peopleвs skin varying degrees of brown shades. Dark circles are caused when there are too many melanin-producing cells in the skin around the eyes according to Fernanda Freitag M. D. and Tania Cestari Ph. D. , authors of "What Causes Dark Circles Under the Eyes" in the September 2007 issue of the "Journal of Clinical Dermatology. " The appearance of the darkened areas may fade and and then worsen as it is affected by swelling and thickening of the skin around the eyes. Experts at the Mayo Clinic identify allergies as a cause of dark eye circles. An allergic response often produces inflammation (swelling), itching and irritation to the eyes according the Freitag and Cestari. People suffering from environmental allergies (pollen and dust, for example) often have dark circles around the eyes because of the swelling and rubbing or scratching the eyes to relieve the itching.


It is recommended to ask a pharmacist to recommend an over-the-counter remedy or see a doctor if a person has severe allergies. Freitag and Cestari state that certain ethnic groups and members of the same family are more likely share having dark circles around the eyes based on clinical observation. According to the Mayo Clinic, Blacks and Asians are among those particularly prone to problems with pigmentation. Many of the same treatments discussed here are available no matter what the cause of dark eye circles around the eyes. Skin loses the thin layer of fat that adds structure and protection as people age. The skin also loses tone and sags as people age. These effects of aging cause the reddish-blue system of blood vessels under the skin to be more visible through the delicate skin around the eyes according to Freitag and Cestari. Freitag and Cestari cite common treatments of dark circles around the eyes including retinoid (Vitamin A) creams, bleaching creams and chemical peels. Experts at the Cleveland Clinic describe how dermatologists use carbon dioxide laser treatments to improve the appearance of the skin caused by pigmentation problems by removing thin layers of the skin. Experts at the Mayo Clinic advise that a doctor may recommend any combination of these approaches depending on what is causing the dark circles around the eyes.

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