why would a hurricane name be retired
Hurricane Ike (2008), the third costliest storm in United States history. Until the early 1950s, tropical storms and hurricanes were tracked by year and the order in which they occurred during that year. Over time, it was learned that the use of short, easily remembered names in written as well as spoken communications is quicker and reduces confusion when two or more tropical storms occur at the same time. In the past, confusion and false rumors resulted when storm advisories broadcast from radio stations were mistaken for warnings concerning an entirely different storm located hundreds of miles away. In 1953, the United States began using female names for storms and, by 1978, both male and female names were used to identify Northern Pacific storms.
This was then adopted in 1979 for storms in the Atlantic basin. NOAAвs National Hurricane Center does not control the naming of tropical storms. Instead, there is a strict procedure established by the World Meteorological Organization. For Atlantic hurricanes, there is a list of male and female names which are used on a six-year rotation. The only time that there is a change is if a storm is so deadly or costly that the future use of its name on a different storm would be inappropriate. In the event that more than twenty-one named tropical cyclones occur in a season, any additional storms will take names from the Greek alphabet. For a complete list of upcoming and retired storm names, visit the.
Hurricanes began getting names in 1950, when the U. S. Weather Bureau began using the phonetic alphabet (Able-Baker-Charlie).
In 1953, womens names were substituted, and in 1979, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the U. S. National Weather Service switched to a list of names that also included men's names. The current list of names recycles every six years, unless a hurricane gets its name retired. Any nation impacted by a severe hurricane can lobby the WMO to have the hurricane's name retired. From 1950 - 2011, 76 hurricanes had their names retired. The list includes one tropical storm, Allison of 2001, that caused billions in damage from its heavy rains.
Only three Eastern Pacific hurricanes have had their names retired-- of 1995, of 1997, and of 2002. The storm with the most appearances so far is Arlene, which has appeared ten times: 1959, 1963, 1967, 1971, 1981, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2005, 2011, and will come again in 2017. One exception to the retirement rule: before 1979, some storm names were simply dropped. For example, in 1966, Fern was substituted for Frieda, and no reason was given. Below is a list of Atlantic Ocean retired names, the years the hurricanes occurred, and the areas they affected. Keep in mind that a large number of destructive storms occurred before naming began in 1950, and are not included on this list.
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