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why was ancient egypt called the gift of the nile

During Herodotus time in the 5th century B. C. , Egypt enjoyed an advanced civilization and culture. Herodotus admired the very deep connection that Egyptians had with the river and stated that Egypt was, "A land won by the Egyptians and given them by the Nile. "
The Nile River flows through Egypt and empties into the Mediterranean Sea. Egypt sits in the fertile river valley on the edge of the Saharan desert. Before the construction of the Aswan High Dam in 1970, the flooding of the Nile River into the valley occurred every year after the snow melted in the East African mountain range. When the flood water receded, it left a layer of silt. Rich in nutrients, this layer of topsoil allowed the farmers to grow their crops, and gave rise to ancient Egyptian civilization. Because of its location, the people who lived on the banks of the Nile River were largely isolated. This gave rise to a common language, religion and culture.


With the construction of the Aswan High Dam, Egyptians have access to water throughout the year. Without the Nile River, Egypt would not have been able to develop or advance the way it has, and that is why it is described as the 'gift of the Nile'. Like a giant snake, the Nile River slithers through some of the driest desert land on earth to create a narrow green valley. The ancient called this land Egypt. For more than five thousand years, famous and often mysterious civilizations thrived along the banks of the Nile. About 450, a Greek historian named Herodotus called Egypt the вGift of the Nile" because the Egyptian civilization depended on the resources of the great river. Every spring, the snow on the mountains of East Africa melted, sending a torrent of water that overflowed the banks of the Nile and flooded the river valley. The rushing river picked up bits of soil and plant life called silt.


As the annual flood receded, a strip of black topsoil emerged every year along the banks of the Nile. The silt was rich in nutrients, and it provided the people of Egypt with two or three crops every year. The Nile made it possible for the people of ancient Egypt to form the first nation in history. A nation may refer to a community of people who share a common language, culture, ethnic background or history. The land beyond the Nile River Valley is the. A desert is land that receives less than ten inches of rain in a typical year. Since it is nearly impossible to grow much food in the desert, few people lived far from the banks of the Nile. Giant boulders blocked the Nile and formed a natural border at the southern Egyptian city of Aswan. The Nile flows into the vast Mediterranean Sea, which formed Egyptвs border to the north. Egyptвs isolation led to its unification. People living along the banks of the Nile River spoke the same language and worshipped many of the same gods more than five thousand years ago.


The Nile no longer overflows its banks because modern Egyptians built a huge dam in Aswan. Since 1970, the has held back the water that annually flooded the banks of the Nile River. The dam also provides a reliable flow of water for Egyptian farmers in the dry season. The people of Egypt are now able to convert the predictable flow of the Nile into electricity. The Aswan High Dam initially provided electricity to more than half of the villages along the Nile. The population of Egypt has grown since then, but the Aswan High Dam still contributes about fifteen percent of Egyptвs electricity. Unlike, the flowing water is renewable, which means that the river will not run out. Ancient and modern civilizations have relied on the mighty river, proving that Egypt truly is the вGift of the Nile. "

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