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why were the pyramids filled with treasures

In some cases, a mummified pet would be buried in a pyramid with its owner, so the owner could spend the afterlife with beloved animal. Murals are another item that are often found in pyramids. Religious texts were often inscribed on the interior walls of pyramids, and all the kings of the Sixth Dynasty (2345 through 2181 B. C. ) had such inscriptions.

The Pyramid of King Unas, last ruler of the Fifth Dynasty, had magical spells inscribed on the interior walls, which were believed to help the king as he entered the afterlife.
The special treasury rooms in large tombs held chests of jewelry and precious metals. Jewelry of Egyptian rulers typically featured gold and colored stones, which were reserved for religious and political leaders only.

Jewelry and statuary used religious themes since pharaohs were thought to be direct descendants of the gods in ancient Egypt. Egyptologists Hans Wolfgang Muller and Eberhard Theim list tomb items such as beds and chariots made from gold and silver to demonstrate the leader's high status to people in the afterlife.

Artwork and jewelry also featured images of the religion practiced during the ruling dynasty, but representations of the the sun god Re or Ra (a solar disc) and Horus (a falcon) frequently appear on jewelry and statues from tombs of all dynasties.

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