why is the jewish sabbath on saturday
When did Jews start sanctifying the 7th day of the week and why? When: after they received the Ten Commandments. Why did they do it? Because God commanded them to do it. Why did God command them to do it? For the reason stated in the Commandment itself, which is different in each version thereof. БRemember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a sabbath of the LORD your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day and made it holy. (Ex 20:8-11, NASB). БObserve the sabbath day to keep it holy, as the LORD your God commanded you. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a sabbath of the LORD your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter or your male servant or your female servant or your ox or your donkey or any of your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you, so that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you. You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the LORD your God brought you out of there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the LORD your God commanded you to observe the sabbath day. (Deut 5:12-15, NASB)
When did Christians start sanctifying the 8th/1st day of the week and why? When: Probably right after Pentecost, though the first record is during the third voyage of Paul, in 57-58 (Acts 20:7).
Why: As an immediate reason, because they could not fail to get a strong clue from the facts that: Jesus appeared again to the Apostles the following Sunday (Jn 20:26, "8 days" using Jewish inclusive counting); The Holy Spirit descended on the Apostles on Pentecost, which fell on a Sunday (always per Lev 23:15-16 and that year in particular as Passover had been on a Sabbath). As a deeper reason, I will offer an explanation based on the framework of the six days of creation in Gen ch. 1. Let us first note that: In the Hebrew timekeeping scheme, the day starts at sunset. That's why the text says at the end of each day: "And there was evening and there was morning, a [nth] day. " The previous formula is not said of the 7th day, which implies that the 7th day was still going on at the time when the book of Genesis was written. I posit that the timeframe of Gen ch. 1 continued thusly: Nightfall of the 7th day: the sin of Adam and Eve. Night of the 7th day: all of human history up to the coming of Jesus. Sunrise of the 7th day: the coming of Jesus, "the Sunrise from on high" (Lk 1:78). Diurnal part of the 7th day: the life of Jesus on Earth up to his Passion (*). Nightfall of the 8th day: the Passion and Death of Jesus. Night of the 8th day: the time during which Jesus was dead. Sunrise of the 8th day: the Resurrection of Jesus, which occurred precisely just before sunrise of the 8th/1st day of the week. Diurnal part of the 8th day: the time of the Church up to the Second Coming of Jesus. given that Jews were living during the 7th day, it was logical that they should sanctify the 7th day of the week. given that Christians are living during the 8th day, as we "have been raised with Christ" (Col 3:1), it is logical that we should sanctify the 8th/1st day of the week. (*) There are three occasions in John's Gospel when Jesus describes his life on earth as a day, i. e. the diurnal part of a 24-hour period, of which He Himself is the Light: БWe must work the works of Him who sent Me as long as it is day; night is coming when no one can work.
While I am in the world, I am the Light of the world. Б (Jn 9:4-5). The disciples said to Him, БRabbi, the Jews were just now seeking to stone You, and are You going there again? Б Jesus answered, БAre there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world. But if anyone walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him. Б (Jn 11:8-10). So Jesus said to them, БFor a little while longer the Light is among you. Walk while you have the Light, so that darkness will not overtake you; he who walks in the darkness does not know where he goes. While you have the Light, believe in the Light, so that you may become sons of Light. Б (Jn 12:35-36). Question: In the Bible it says to rest on the seventh day of the week, because created the world in six days and rested on the seventh. Today Christians rest on Sunday, Muslims rest on Friday, and Jews rest on Saturday. How do you know that you are celebrating on the right day? Answer:, a compilation close to 2,000 years old. in the desert shortly after we left Egypt. How did we know when to keep it? In 16, we are told that during our journey in the desert, fell every day except for oneБthe Shabbat.
So what did we eat then? A double portion fell every Friday so that we would have what to eat the next day as well. On the first Friday after the manna began to fall, the people were surprised to see so much mannaБdouble that which they had received on each of the past five days. When they came to ask about this phenomenon, he revealed that the next day would be the Shabbat and that no manna would fall at all. The actual wording of GБd's message to Moses and the Jewish People is "See that GБd has given to you the Shabbat. " The points out that the word used is "see" and not "know. " It explains: This is what GБd was saying to them: "If the idolaters will come to you and ask, 'Why do you make the Shabbat day on this day? ' you will tell them, 'See, the manna does not fall on the Shabbat. '" For the next 40 years we had a weekly reminder of the Shabbat every time the manna did not fall. Since then, we have continued to keep count and will continue to do so for the rest of time. Rabbi century classic, "The Kuzari," points to an earlier source for the universally accepted week. He points to the striking fact that the vast majority of the world keeps a seven-day weekБevidence that this must be a very ancient custom indeed. How did it begin? When was banished from Eden on the first Friday afternoon of Creation, he rested that first Shabbat. He then counted six days and again rested on the seventh. Ever since, his offspring in many parts of the world have emulated this practice, living their lives by a seven-day week.
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