why were rivers important to early civilizations
Rivers and river valleys typically flow to a large water source such as a lake, sea or the ocean. The end of the river is known as the "mouth. " In some rivers, such as the Nile River in Egypt, the mouths have silt deposits. These silt deposits build up to create a delta area and also create fertile farmland. One of the most well-known examples of using a river to further a civilization is the Egyptians' use of the Nile River. Without the Nile, none of the Egyptian achievements would have happened.
The Egyptians first started living along the Nile, and were able to eat the fruit from the fruit trees along the river and the fish that swam in the river. The people also noticed that the Nile flooded for 6 months every year, and when it receded for the other 6 months, there was a fertile layer of silt that could be farmed for additional food. The Nile is responsible for the health of the Egyptians and their ability to survive.
Today, rivers are used for the same qualities as well as to create hydroelectric power sources with technology.
All civilizations depend on available water, and, of course, rivers are a fine source. Rivers also provided ancient societies with access to trade -- not only of products, but ideas, including language, writing, and technology. River-based irrigation permitted communities to specialize and develop, even in areas lacking adequate rainfall.
For those cultures that depended on them, rivers were the lifeblood. In The Early Bronze Age in the Southern Levant, in Near Eastern Archaeology, Suzanne Richards calls ancient societies based on rivers, primary or core, and non-riverine (e. g. , Palestine), secondary. You ll see that the societies connected with these essential rivers all qualify as core ancient civilizations.
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