why is the great compromise so important

It settled the balance of power between large and small states. The Virginia plan called for one legislative house that had representation based on population, which favored large states in the legislature. Obviously, small states did not think this was fair. The New Jersey plan called for one legislative house that had equal representation, which helped smaller states.


However, the large states wanted proportional representation so they had an edge in the legislature. The Connecticut plan was a compromise. It had 2 houses. One was based on population to appease large states. That house is now the House of Representatives. The other house had equal representation. That house is now the Senate.


It was made to appease small states.
The Three-Fifths Compromise was one of the first major decisions reached after the Great Compromise was made. In order to avoid taxation, states would frequently undervalue their land to avoid additional fees. The solution to this problem was to tax states based on their population and the question was brought up as to whether or not slaves counted among that population.


The compromise was met that slaves counted as 3/5 of a person for both taxation and representation purposes. This gave the South, which had many more slaves than the North, a large boost for representation in the House of Representatives.

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