why was the white house built in washington d.c

White House, formerly known as the
Executive Mansion (1810Б1902), the official office and residence of the president of the at 1600 N. W. in The White House and its landscaped grounds occupy 18 acres (7. 2 hectares). Since the administration of (1789Б97), who occupied presidential residences in New York and, every American president has resided at the White House. Originally called the БPresidentБs PalaceБ on early maps, the building was officially named the Executive Mansion in 1810 in order to avoid of royalty. Although the name БWhite HouseБ was commonly used from about the same time (because the mansionБs white-gray sandstone contrasted strikingly with the red brick of nearby buildings), it did not become the official name of the building until 1902, when it was adopted by President (1901Б09). The White House is the oldest federal building in the nationБs capital.


North portico of the White House, Washington, D. C. The Diplomatic Reception Room in the White House, Washington, D. C. The buildingБs history begins in 1792, when a public competition was held to choose a design for a presidential residence in the new capital city of Washington. , later the countryБs third president (1801Б09), using the pseudonymous initials БA. Z. ,Б was among those who submitted drawings, but Irish American architect style. The structure was to have three floors and more than 100 rooms and would be built in sandstone imported from quarries along Aquia Creek in Virginia. The cornerstone was laid on October 13, 1792. Labourers, including local slaves, were housed in temporary huts built on the north side of the. They were joined by skilled stonemasons from Edinburgh, in 1793. In 1800 the entire federal government was relocated from Philadelphia to Washington. , the countryБs second president (1797Б1801), moved into the still unfinished presidential mansion on November 1st and the next night wrote in a letter to his wife, I Pray Heaven Bestow the Best of Blessings on This House and All that shall hereafter inhabit it.


May none but Honest and Wise Men ever rule under this Roof. (1933Б45), the quotation was inscribed on the fireplace of the State Dining Room immediately below the portrait of, by. When Abigail Adams finally arrived in Washington several days later, she was disappointed with the inadequate state of the residence. The wrote, There is not a single apartment finished. We have not the least fence, yard, or other convenience outside. I use the great unfinished audience room [East Room] as a drying room for hanging up the clothes. For many years, The White House didnвt have an official name, but it still stood tall as a symbol of the United States.


The Presidentвs House, as it was called, has changed immensely since it was first constructed in 1800. Since then, amenities like a bowling alley and basketball court have been added along with the East and West wings. After a major renovation, Jackie Kennedy in 1961 said, "Everything in the White House must have a reason for being there. It would be sacrilege merely to redecorate itвa word I hate. It must be restored, and that has nothing to do with decoration. That is a question of scholarship. " Kennedy understood that the many changes in the architecture of the residence represent whether or not the administration is keeping up with the times. In order to help others understand how far the White House has grown since it was first designed, Curbed has put together a timeline, shown below. See any missing points? Let Curbed know in the comments.

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