why was the underground railroad named as such
Why was it called the Underground Railroad? No one is quite sure where the name "Underground Railroad" came from. Things that are underground are generally invisible. Because the operations of the Underground Railroad were secret, they were invisible to most people. Although slaves had been escaping for many years, the name was given to the network around the 1830s, at the same time that railroads were beginning to carry passengers across the United States. Because the routes of the escapes were a secret, it was as if the journeys were underground and out of sight. Other secret efforts have also had similar names. One example occurred during
when people who resisted the in Europe were called the Underground. Like the Underground Railroad, this network operated secretly to oppose the Nazis.
Some members of this Underground helped Jews whom the Nazis wanted to kill. People hid Jews in their houses so the Nazi police would not find them. They sometimes helped them escape to a safe country where they were no longer in danger of being killed. The people of both underground movements put themselves at great risk to help others. Its most famous conductor was. The б (UR) was not underground nor was it a railroad. It was called БundergroundБ because of its secretive nature and БrailroadБ because it was an emerging form of transportation. The UR was an informal network and had many routes. Most routes went to northern states and after 1850, to Canada.
Others went south to Mexico or the Caribbean. Historians estimate that about 100,000 slaves escaped using the UR network. Most actions by people who helped slaves escape were spontaneous actions of generosity. They were women, men, children, white and black. A lot of them were Quakers and Methodists. Railroad language was adopted as б use by agents, station masters, conductors, operators, stockholders and all of those involved in saving slaves. б were used by slaves. Levi Coffin was known as the БPresident of the Underground RailroadБ and his home as the БGrand Station of the Underground RailroadБ. The history of the UR goes back to the 1780s and became known as such in the 1830s. It reached its height in the 1850s and ended in 1863 when announced theб The б are: Harriet Tubman, Levi Coffin, William Still, Frederick Douglass, Thomas Garrett, William Lloyd Garrison, John Brown, Samuel Green, Gerrit Smith, Lucrecia Coffin Mott among others.
UR stations had secret hideouts such as passages, basements, cellars and hidden compartments in cupboards where slaves were safely hidden. The made it more difficult for slaves to escape. The law allowed for slaves to be returned to their masters even though they were in a free state. The final destination became Canada. Under the Fugitive Slave Act any person who was caught helping a slave escape or offering shelter could be send to jail for 6 months or subjected to a $1,000 fine. Tags:, Category :,
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