Manuals and instructions for everything

why was the national minimum wage introduced

Questions Free access to the FT. com
A national minimum wage sets the minimum hourly wage rate that is acceptable in law. A national minimum wage has been law in the UK since 1999, when the adult hourly rate was set at бе3. 60. The long-term aim of a minimum wage is to remove the problem of poverty pay, which exists when the earnings from paid work do not result in a living wage and fail to push people out of poverty. Low pay can result from a number of labour market failures, including: Lack of access to the labour market, as a result of barriers to entry including discrimination. Lack of bargaining power by individuals in uncompetitive labour markets, such as where there is one employer, a. In this case the employer can adopt a take it or leave it attitude. Lack of skills leading to very for labour, so that a higher wage would reduce demand, hence workers have to accept this wage, or remain Inward migration from low-pay countries, where workers are prepared to accept extremely low wages, for often short periods of time, which this drives down the wages for indigenous employees. By 2015, the adult rate had risen to бе6. 70p per hour and the rate for 18-20 year olds to бе5. 30p.


In 2004, following a recommendation by the Low Pay Commission, a minimum wage of бе3. 00 per hour was introduced for under 18 year olds, and by 2015 this rate had risen to бе3. 87. In 2016 a new ' ' was set for those over 25, at бе7. 20 per hour, rising to бе7. 50 per hour in April 2017. Although this is the 'legal' level of the living wage, there are higher voluntary rates of бе8. 45 for the UK, and бе9. 75 for London. The adult National Minimum Wage, 1998 - 2017 If the NMW is higher than market clearing wage for a particular job, then demand will contract and supply extend. The contraction of demand is the result of a combined income and substitution effect in response to the higher wage rate. In other words, at a higher wage rate the firm s income, its profits, will, ceteris paribus, fall and the firm will reduce demand, hence the income effect. The substitution effect implies that at a high wage rate firms will look to substitute workers when they can, for other workers or with capital. One reason the minimum wage is fixed for all workers is to reduce the substitution effect, and make demand for labour more inelastic. On the supply side the higher wage will encourage existing employees to supply more labour, or it will encourage workers out of.


The effect can be demonstrated in the following diagram. For example, a minimum wage of бе5. 00 would create a contraction in demand to Q1, but supply would extent to Q2 as more low skilled workers are encouraged to look for work, creating unemployment of Q1 Б Q2. Greater equity will be achieved, and the between the high paid and the low pay may be narrowed. Poverty may be reduced as the low paid gain more income and the unemployed may be encouraged to join the labour market. In this case the higher wage is an for individuals to supply their labour. Less worker exploitation by labour market, who are single employers is able to pay below the market equilibrium. A high minimum wage can cause price as firms pass on the higher wages in higher prices. Falling, as demand contracts, and rising unemployment as supply extends. The of UK goods abroad can suffer compared with low wage economies, such as China and India. Inward may be deterred, as foreign investors will look to avoid high wage economies. The labour market may become inflexible in response to changes in the rest of the economy.


Workers and employers may be driven into the БunofficialБ labour market. The level of the minimum wage, and; Report on the growth of alternative finance. UK grows by 0. 3% in 1st quarter of 2017. Costs and benefits of customs unions. Multiple choice papers for Paper Three. What are available to the UK? Savings ratio falls to lowest level on record. - and a Dutch Sandwich The presents its final package for reform of international tax rules. - reducing income inequality will boost growth. These rates are for the National Living Wage and the National Minimum Wage. The rates change every April. The following rates were for the National Living Wage and the National Minimum Wage from April 2016. The following rates were for the National Minimum Wage before the National Living Wage was introduced. The rates were usually updated every October. The age groups were different before 2010 and there were no National Minimum Wage rates for apprentices. Read the information on. You can use the to check whether the National Minimum Wage or National Living Wage is being paid. if youБre not getting the National Minimum Wage and think you should be.

  • Views: 77

why do we have minimum wage laws
why do we have a national minimum wage
why do we have a minimum wage
why do we have a national minimum wage
why do we have minimum wage laws
why do states have different minimum wages
why minimum wage should be raised essay