why play is important in early childhood education
July 15, 2016
Much of a childБs early years are spent playing, exploring and testing their environment and own personal boundaries. All of this play has significant and proven benefits for a childБs early development. Research has shown that children who regularly engage in play-based learning have better cognitive flexibility,б working memory and self-regulation ability. Here at African Revival, we recognise the immense benefits of play-based learning and have incorporated it as one of the major elements of our jumpstart! nursery education programme. In our 10 jumpstart! schools, we are building playgrounds, training teachers in how to guide play-based learning and make their own play materials using natural materials, and even teaching parents how to encourage productive play at home. We know that play is incredibly important for early childhood development Б but what exactly are the top benefits? Better behaviour Children behave better in the classroom when they have had the chance to blow off steam and release energy on the playground during the day. Playing is a known method of stress release that can help with a childБs emotional welfare, as nursery teacher Gino, from Purongo Hill Primary School in Nwoya district says: Бthe playground is where the children release their stress and refresh their minds between learningБ Good social skills Play can help young children become more aware of other peopleБs feelings and develop empathy.
During play, whether it is inside or outside of the environment, children must interact and cooperate with each other, as well as share play equipment which requires good communication skills. Children can build relationships, learn to resolve conflicts, negotiate and regulate their emotions and behaviors. According to nursery teacher Gino, increased play-based learning at Purongo Hill has Бeliminated that spirit of being selfish, and also helping the children with sharing because of that thing of collaborationБ Improves academic performance In 2009, research from the American Journal of School Health found that the more physical activity tests children can pass, the more likely they are to do well on academic tests. According to psychologist Kathryn Hirsch Pasek, Children learn to count when they re doing hopscotch [Б] They are telling stories on the playground, and they re getting active. Furthermore, play can nurture qualities like self-discipline and attentional control, which can be just as vital for school readiness as content knowledge.
Children with longer attention spans and self-control can focus more on tasks in the classroom. This is because when children engage in make-believe play that involves role playing, there are generally rules that they must follow which involves regulating their natural self and behavior. By practicing this in a safe, fun environment, their self-control is enhanced, which can then be transferred to a classroom setting. Language development Moreover, make-believe play that involves role playing can also help children to develop their language skills, as was shown in a British study (Lewis, 2000). Infant pupils were asked to engage in symbolic play, whereby they use objects, actions or ideas to represent other objects, actions or ideas. For example, a child may put a wooden block to her ear as a pretend mobile phone. Children who scored higher on a test of symbolic play had better language skills, both in terms of what they understood and spoke. This suggests that play helps to develop and solidify language skills. Increases enthusiasm for learning In northern Uganda, where drop out rates amongst primary school students are very high, play-based learning can encourage pupils to stay in school and attend more frequently.
Indeed, at Purongo Hill Primary School in Nwoya district, nursery teacher Gino says that enrolment has skyrocketed since African Revival constructed a playground at the school (from 30 pupils in the nursery section to 120): Бthe playground has been an advantage to us because it has drawn in children, increased enrolment and reduced drop outsБ. Education: helps children learn and build skills that lay the foundation for learning to read, write and do math. Social skills: provides opportunities to socialize with peers of the same age, and to learn to understand others, to communicate and to negotiate. В Cognition: encourages children to learn, imagine, categorize and problem solve. В Therapeutic benefits: Gives children the opportunity to express troubling aspects of their daily life, including stresses, trauma, family conflicts and other dilemmas. В Our children live in a time of busy schedules and high expectations for achievement; we should take care to give them the time and space to discover the joy and benefits of free play.
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