why is a drape used when positioning patients

* increases circulation of blood to the head and brain can be used for circulatory shock. The entire bed or table is elevated at the feet. The patient lies in the horizontal recumbent position, with the head lower than the feet
* the surgical Trendeleburg position can be used for surgery on pelvic organs and for pelvic treatments. The patient is flat on the back. The table is lowered at a 45 angle to lower the head, and the feet and lower legs are inclined downward. * straps are frequently used to hold the patient in position. * Note: draping for the Trendelenburg position depends on the treatment being performed; usually, one large sheet is used and left hanging loose.

For surgical procedures, the patient is draped with a sheet that has a hole to expose the surgical areas. Abduct Move away from the body. Adduct Move toward the body. Anterior In front of. Antiseptic solution Topical cleansing chemical used to decrease the microbial count on the skin surface. Body habitus Generalized physiologic configuration of the patientБs size, weight, and shape.

Caudad Toward the foot of the patient. Cephalad Toward the head of the patient. Circumduct Rotate a joint in a circumferential axis (usually a ball joint). Circumferential The surface area of the patientБs skin that encompasses a limb or other rounded tissue area. Deep Below the surface layers. Distal Away from the core. Dorsal Back of a part. Extend Flatten a joint (zero-degree flexion). Flexion Bend at a normal joint, close the angle of the joint. Hyperabduction Move away from the body in a line more than a safe 90-degree angle.

Hyperadduction Move toward the body, crossing over the neutral plane of the body. Hyperextend Move beyond the normal flattening of a joint axis. Inferior Below or beneath. Lateral Toward the side of the patient. Medial Toward the midline. Posterior Behind. Prone Face down. Proximal Closer to the core. Reverse TrendelenburgБs position Head-elevated position. Superficial On the surface. Superior Above. Supine Face up. TrendelenburgБs position Head-down position. Ventral Front surface.

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