why do you get discharge before your period
In normal circumstances, the vaginal discharge that happens during periods is almost transparent and is mostly made up of cervical mucus. The red color of the discharge is due to the endometrial lining which is being shed. One of the most common concerns which menstruating women have is getting dark brown discharge before periods. It can be caused due to physiological reasons like ovulation, hormonal contraceptives or due to some disease. It is important to note that every dark brown discharge is not a cause of concern. Learn the details here. Is Dark Brown Discharge Before Period Normal? Before you get your first period you might get see dark brown discharge a few times. It might also be possible that the first period is dark brown in color. Here are other reasons why you have this condition:
1. Shedding of Old Lining This discharge is mostly due to the presence of old endometrial tissue and it usually occurs when your periods are late. Blood which is old has a dark brown color. When this happens just before your periods, it is the body s way of cleaning out the system. During a menstrual cycle, the body is eliminating various different types of waste, and this is a standard discharge. So if you find dark brown discharge before period, it s simply the endometrial cells from the previous month, which were not properly eliminated from the body. 2. Implantation Spotting Implantation occurs when a fertilized embryo gets embedded in the uterine lining causing rupture of blood. Not every woman who conceives will experience this, however, this bleeding could be brown or pink and will be seen a couple of days before your periods are expected. 3.
At the Time of Ovulation Sometimes a dark brown discharge before period occurs 14-16 days prior to the next cycle. If this is the case, it can be due to ovulation. During ovulation, a mature egg is released out of the ovary, which can cause spotting in some women. You can determine ovulation day, if you have a slight discharge accompanied with abdominal cramps around a fortnight from the day your periods started. 4. Stress Stress can be caused by a lot of emotions, health conditions, substance abuse, and use of stimulants as well as alcohol. Malnutrition can cause disturbance in ovulation cycle as well. Stress hormones released from adrenal have a direct effect on the sex hormones, which regulate the menstrual cycle. Stress causes endometrial lining to thin down and delay periods. The blood oxidizes over time, making it brown in color and results in irregular periods or dark brown discharge before periods. 5. Post Intercourse Discharge It is fairly common to experience a dark brown discharge post sexual intercourse, however, it is usually in small amount. Sometimes the bleeding will be of moderate or large amount. It can be caused due to various factors like being pregnant, inflammation, irritation of the lining, tearing of the hymen, cervical polyps, or sexually transmitted illnesses. 6. Contraceptives Side Effects Taking birth control pills can cause dark brown discharge before periods as a side effect and is caused due to hormonal changes.
The pills cause changes in the hormones which results in thinning of the lining, which sheds erratically and in small amounts. Missing birth control pills can also cause this as it directly affects the hormonal balance. When women take an emergency contraceptive pill, it can cause dark brown discharge the next day or in the following week. Intra-Uterine devices (IUDs) can also cause this as an unpleasant side effect. It can last for a few months and can be caused due to damage to the endometrial lining. 7. Menopause and Perimenopause Women in the age group of 45-50 undergo menopause and experience irregular periods, once every three-six months. They can experience dark brown spotting during this time. It is mainly caused due to the atrophy of the lining of the uterus, which makes it weak and causes to burst spontaneously. It is fairly common in peri-menopausal women as well. This discharge replaces regular periods and is accompanied by symptoms like mood swings, hot flashes, depression, body ache etc. 8. Medical Conditions In majority of cases, when someone has dark brown discharge before period, it is not serious and can be treated by making lifestyle modifications and changes in the diet. However, there could be certain situations where it might be indication of a serious problem as explained below: Believe it or not, your discharge can tell you when you're pregnant. At the beginning of your pregnancy, you may notice a thicker, heavier or gummy discharge.
This is because the cervix and vaginal walls get softer, and discharge increases to help prevent any infections travelling up from the vagina to the womb. Karen says that you can also experience discharge towards the end of your pregnancy as well. "Most women will have an increased amount of vaginal discharge during pregnancy, particularly in the later stages. As long as the discharge isn't smelly, itchy or blood stained then nothing needs to be done. The most important thing to be aware of is 'Could this be leakage of waters? ' If there's a lot of watery loss, get checked out by your midwife or the hospital. " 4. You're stressed Women are increasingly more stressed today with work, family and hectic lifestyles. But the perils of stress can also affect our physical health. Stress is a major cause for hormonal imbalances within the body, which could in turn can lead to vaginal discharge, according to some experts. 5. You have an infection Your discharge can also indicate something's not right physically. If you're experiencing discharge that is odourless, thick, white and has a lumpy texture and 'a bit like cottage cheese', it's likely to be a yeast infection, or thrush. You may also experience itching, soreness, burning and irritation. Karen says: "Thrush usually occurs when there's an overgrowth of yeast that lives normally in your gut. But if this yeast gets out of control, it can lead to unpleasant symptoms. A typical reason is taking antibiotics, for something unrelated like earache or tonsillitis, which kills off healthy bacteria. " Thrush can usually be easily treated using an over-the-counter product, such as The same applies to bacterial vaginosis (BV), which Karen describes as 'having a snotty nose in the vagina'.
This is an unpleasant looking mucus sort of discharge and can be accompanied by a fishy odour and burning sensation: "This is also due to a loss of balance of the normal bacteria of the vagina. It's also very common in older women when they don't have oestrogen, which creates moisture in the vagina and keeps germs in the right balance. " Your discharge could even be an indicator of a sexual transmitted infection "No doubt that all common infections, such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea, can cause vaginal discharge but they are also often silenced and are causing much more serious problems higher up in the tubes so it's better to go and get checked out. " 6. You need to see your GP You may experience spotting (which is a reddish, rusty brown) before or after your period, which is perfectly normal and very common. If you're on the Pill, you may even experience spotting throughout your cycle. But Karen says that a prolonged blood stained discharge is more worrying. "This could be a uniformity brown staining, slightly unpleasant smelling discharge. It should be investigated as it could be something more serious higher up on the cervix or in the uterus. " So if this sounds familiar, be sure to get it investigated.
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