why do we need glucose in our body
Sugar has its place in your diet, but many health and diet experts warn that excess sugar consumption can lead to several serious health complications and diseases. The American Heart Association reports that most Americans consume an average of 22 grams of added sugar per day, much higher than the recommended 6 teaspoons for women and 9 teaspoons for men. University of Iowa Health Care notes that glucose that exists beyond your bodyвs storage capacity for glycogen is turned into fat. Dr. Robert Lustig of the University of California San Francisco warns that consistent, excessive sugar intake disrupts your normal eating pattern, causes overeating and leads to obesity.
To decrease your risk for these complications, enjoy foods and drinks with added sugar in moderation and choose complex sugars more often over simple sugars.
Respiration is a chemical reaction that happens in all living cells. It is the way that energy is released from glucose, for our cells to use to keep us functioning. Remember that respiration is not the same as breathing (which is properly called ventilation).
The glucose and oxygen react together in the cells to produce carbon dioxide and water. The reaction is called aerobic respiration because oxygen from the air is needed for it to work. Now we will look at how glucose and oxygen get to the cells so that respiration can take place and how we get rid of the carbon dioxide. Glucose is a type of carbohydrate, obtained through digestion of the food we eat. Digestion breaks food down into small molecules.
These can be absorbed across the wall of the small intestine into the bloodstream. Glucose is carried round the body dissolved in blood plasma, the pale yellow liquid part of our blood. The dissolved glucose can diffuse into the cells of the body from the capillaries. Once in the cell glucose can be used in respiration. When we breathe in oxygen enters the small air sacs, called alveoli, in the lungs. Oxygen diffuses from there into the bloodstream.
Oxygen is not carried in the plasma, but is carried by the red blood cells. These contain a red substance called haemoglobin, which joins onto oxygen and carries it around the body in the blood, then lets it go when necessary. Like glucose, oxygen can diffuse into cells from the capillaries. The carbon dioxide produced during respiration diffuses out of the cells and into the blood plasma. The blood carries it to the lungs. It then diffuses across the walls of the alveoli and into the air, ready to be exhaled.
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