why do we have a dawn service on anzac day
WhatВis it? is a national day of remembrance in and that marks the anniversary of the first major military action Вfought by Australians and New Zealanders during the. Observed on 25ВApril every year, Anzac Day originally honoured the members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) who fought the Ottoman Empire in Gallipoli. Later, Anzac Day also served to commemorate the lives of Australians who died in the Second World War, and now the day has been broadened to include those who lost their lives in all Australian military and peacekeeping operations. В
This year it will be the 101st anniversary of the Gallipoli landing and the 100th anniversary of Anzac Day itself. В Why is it celebrated? During World War В One, Australia fought on the side of the Commonwealth, with the ultimate objective of В capturing Constantinopole, the capital of the Ottoman Empire and an ally of Germany. This involved the Gallipoli campaign, which saw 8,000 Australian soldiers die in an attempt to capture the peninsula in order to turn the Dardanelles over to the allied navies. Both sides ended up with heavy casualties and endured much hardship. The Gallipoli campaign had a profound impact on Australia and New Zealand, helping them establish a reputation among the nations of the world. The вAnzac legendв became a powerful part of the identity of both countries. В How is it celebrated? The day of national remembrance takes two forms.
The first is through commemorative services held across the nation at dawn, because the half-light of dawn is one of the times still favoured by the Australian Army for launching an attack. This year, the national Dawn Service will be held at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra, the countryвs capital, starting at 4. 30am. Millions of Australians are expected to attend the traditional services in honour of those who have served. В Later on in the day, former servicemen and women assemble to take part in marches through the nationsв major cities. Australians and New Zealanders can either take part or watch on the sidelines, waving national flags to support the marchers. Special food, such as Anzac Day biscuits, is also eaten. An Anzac biscuit is made from rolled oats, flour, sugar, butter, golden syrup and boiling water. Legend has it that the biscuits were sent by wives to soldiers abroad because the biscuits kept well on missions and didnвt spoil easily. В Anzac Day is set to take place on 25 April, but what is it all about? Those in Australia and New Zealand will participate in a solemn day of remembrance, to remember the Army Corps soldiers who fought and died for their country. The day is marked annually on the anniversary of the Gallipoli campaign of the First World War, and is a public holiday. Whatвs the story behind Anzac Day?
On 25 April 1915, the armies of Australia and New Zealand had their first battle of the First World War at Gallipoli, Turkey. Australia had only been recognised as a federal commonwealth for thirteen years, and many Australians were sympathetic to the United Kingdom в they saw it as the motherland. The volunteer armies were therefore keen to fight so they could secure a safe passage for allied navies. Quincy Jones, 84, claims he used to date Ivanka Trump, 36 Upon arriving, the Anzacs were met with immediate gunfire, and fought for eight months until a stalemate was forced. Eight thousand soldiers lost their lives before the Allies ordered an evacuation. Although the operation itself wasnвt a success, the courage and determination shown by the Anzacs was immediately celebrated in Australia, London and even the Alliesв camp in Egypt in 1916, with parades and ceremonies held in their honour. By the 1920s, the date had become a way to remember the sixty thousand Australian soldiers who lost their lives in the war. A decade later, all Australian states were marking Anzac Day with celebrations. Why is Anzac Day important? The day is set to coincide with the anniversary of the landing in Gallipoli, but is meant to commemorate the qualities that Australia showed during this time. Anzac Day is a chance to celebrate the courage, determination and perseverance of those who served, fought and gave their lives in the military.
How is it celebrated? Dawn Service Members of the Albert Battery prepare to shoot a volley of fire during the ANZAC dawn service at Currumbin Surf Life Saving Club on April 25, 2013 in Gold Coast, Australia (Picture: Getty) The Dawn Service, which is thought to have started out as the вstand-toв in the military routine, is one of the most revered and popular ceremonies that takes place on Anzac Day. Australian military made it a practice to wake the soldiers and prepare them at their posts with weapons before they could be attacked by the other armies в and the Dawn Service re-enacts these quiet moments in the near-darkness, where soldiers could take a chance to bond and reflect. The first Dawn Services were performed by veterans in complete silence, but today, all Australians are welcome to take part. The Last Post A tune is played over a bugle to signify the end of the day, or the final post в which meant that the soldiers could take their rest. During memorial services, the melody is played with the last post being suggested as a metaphor в the soldiers being honoured can hear the tune and know that all duties have been completed, so they can finally rest in peace. Marches and memorials Large crowds line George Street and wave flags during the Anzac Day Parade on April 25, 2015 in Sydney, Australia (Picture: Getty) Throughout Anzac Day, many towns will have marches that feature veterans, with thousands of people gathering to pay their respects along the routes.
Memorial readings will also take place, with poems being read to help the community remember those who served in the military, and have an idea of what they went through. Anzac Day football Football is played on the day as a way to highlight how the Anzac soldiers would keep up good humour and forge better connections with one another. At the end of the annual match, the Anzac medal is given to the person who best demonstrates the highly prized Australian qualities of spirit, courage and fairness. Anzac biscuits During the war, friends and families of soldiers would send care packages overseas в and they created a biscuit made of rolled oats, sugar, flour, coconut and butter, as this recipe was least likely to spoil during the journey. More: Is Anzac Day being celebrated in the UK? There will be a dawn service at the Australian war memorial in Hyde Park Corner at 5am on Tuesday 25 April, which will be around 45 minutes long and is open to the public. A wreath laying ceremony and parade will take place at 11am on The Cenotaph, Whitehall, where a requiem will be read and wreaths will be laid by the High Commissioners for Australia and New Zealand. At 12pm, there will be a Service of Commemoration and Thanksgiving, which will last around an hour. MORE: MORE:
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