why step farming is common in hills

Step farming is more commonly known as terracing. In agriculture, a terrace is a leveled section of a hilly cultivated area, designed as a method of soil conservation to slow or prevent the rapid surface runoff of irrigation water. Often such land is formed into multiple terraces, giving a stepped appearance. The human landscapes of rice cultivation in terraces that follow the natural contours of the escarpments like contour plowing is a classic feature of the island of Bali and the Banaue Rice Terraces in Benguet, Philippines. In Peru, the Inca made use of otherwise unusable slopes by drystone walling to create terraces. This form of land use is prevalent in many countries, and is used for crops requiring a lot of water, such as rice.

Terraces are also easier for both mechanical and manual sowing and harvesting than a steep slope would be.
Terrace can be found throughout the world. In Asia, rice terraces are common in extremely mountainous areas. is also practiced in parts of Africa. In some parts of the world people have used terrace agriculture for a very long time. Terrace farming was also practiced by the South American Incas over 1500 years ago. Photo: Terrace agriculture in Batad, Philippines ( Klara Vlasakova). A terrace is a hillside that has been cut to form steps. These steps run up the side of the hill.

Terrace farming is found in hilly or mountainous areas. Terrace agriculture creates a pretty landscape. However, there are good reasons for why people farmed this way. Terrace agriculture has been widely practiced in Asia, Africa, Europe and South America. In South America, terrace farming was practiced by the ancient civilization. Instead of rice, the Incas grew potatoes and corn on the terraces. In the Philippines, places with rice terraces have become World Heritage sites. One reason for terracing is to prevent soil. Soil erosion is the loss of soil during rains. The terraces help to save the soil that is needed for growing plants. The terraces are also like tiny dams that can water.

This is often important in mountainous regions that don t receive a lot of rain. A third reason for using terraces is that it is easier to farm. It is much harder to farm on a slope than on a flat terrace. Think for a few moments. Try to recall the major ideas in this article. When you are done, click the box below for a list of main ideas. How did you do? With practice, you should be able to identify many of the major ideas. You may even discover some important ideas that aren t listed. (amusingplanet. com). (tfabella. wordpress. com). (prweb. com). (skyruzz. wordpress. com). (actionexchange. wordpress. com).

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