why does my newborn throw up formula
My baby just spit up. Or vomited. Iвm not sure. But should I be worried? All things considered, baby spit-up usually is not an issue. Also called reflux, it is the flow of food from the stomach to the mouth. It is common, not painful, and might continue until your baby is a year old. Often, it is simply the result of a still-developing digestive system or of overfeeding. Learn how to tell how baby spit-up is different from vomit, and when is too much of either one. Why do babies spit up? At birth, your babyвs tummy is about the size of a small marble. After three days, it is about the size of a ping-pong ball, but still canвt hold much. Until she is about 4 months old, your babyвs tummy can hold only small amounts of milk at a time. Too much milk during feedings can cause your baby to spit up or be fussy. There is no reason to worry about these common causes of spitting up. It is not painful to them, and most babies donвt even realize they have done it. As long as your baby is healthy and gaining weight, it is simply part of the development process. It might seem like a lot, but the amount of liquid your baby spits up might not be as much as you think. If your baby spits up more than 1 or 2 tablespoons at a time (or if spitting up is associated with respiratory symptoms such as choking, coughing, or wheezing), ask your healthcare professional if there is a reason to be concerned. How can you lessen the spit-up? To help your baby spit up less often, try:
Holding her in a more upright position Making sure the hole in your bottle's nipple is not too large (for bottle-fed babies). If milk continues to drip out when you turn the bottle upside down, the hole is probably too large.
Keeping your baby in an upright position after eating. Avoiding too much activity Feeding your baby less food, but more often Your newborn will probably be hungry six to 10 times in a 24-hour period. As she gets bigger, her stomach will grow, so she will eat more at each feeding and eat less often. 2,3,4 The best way to feed your baby is to allow her to take as much as she seems to need. If she is fussy and has not been fed in more than two hours, it is probably time for a feeding. How is baby spit-up different from vomit? If spitting up is making your baby uncomfortable, and gets more forceful with more volume than usual, it might mean it is vomit. When babies vomit more than once, it is usually caused by a virus that includes diarrhea. Although these viruses usually are not dangerous, they can cause dehydration. Because babies younger than 1 year old are at greater risk of dehydration, consult your healthcare professional immediately if you think your baby might be dehydrated. When should you be concerned? Although it can be alarming, an occasional vomiting episode is usually not cause for concern. Frequent vomiting can indicate reflux disease, intestinal obstruction, infection, or a protein allergy. Contact your healthcare professional if your baby's usual spit-up: Leads to other issues (discomfort, fussiness, poor weight gain, or weight loss) Is accompanied by a fever, diarrhea, bloody mucus in the vomit, or a bloated abdomen Sometimes repeated vomiting in babies between 2 weeks old and 4 months old can be a sign of a blockage at the stomach. Contact your healthcare professional if your baby vomits repeatedly. When babies have sudden bouts of vomiting associated with diarrhea, it is usually caused by a virus.
Although these viruses usually are not dangerous, they can lead to dehydration, which can be a serious problem. It is important to know the signs of dehydration and what you can do to prevent it. What are the signs of dehydration? Has tearless, sunken eyes, dry skin, and little saliva The younger your baby, the greater the concern for dehydration. While she is ill, it is important to replace the fluids your baby is losing with small, frequent feedings. In many cases, an oral rehydration solution such as PedialyteВ is recommended. Check with your healthcare provider for advice. More questions about formula feeding? See our. Spangler AK, et al. J Hum Lact. 2008;24:199-205. Behrman RE, et al. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 16th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co. 2000:165. Samour PQ and King K. Handbook of Pediatric Nutrition. 3rd ed. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 2005:90. Fomon SJ. Infant Nutrition. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co. 1974:24. Most babies small amounts from time to time, and bring up some milk when they. This is known as possetting and is usually nothing to worry about. But if your baby is often sick, or if he vomits large quantities, it can be a cause for concern. Here are some possible causes of this type of vomiting. Reflux The long name for is gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR). Babies get reflux because the muscular valve at the end of the food pipe, which keeps food in the stomach, is still developing. This means that when your baby s tummy is full, food and stomach acid can flow back up his food pipe. Reflux may cause your baby to bring up a little milk after a feed, and can also give him hiccups.
He may occasionally cough after bringing up milk if a little has gone down the wrong way. This is normal and, as long as your baby is otherwise well, you don t need to worry. However, a more severe case of reflux can cause your baby to be sick, often after. He may cry and cough a lot too. If your baby isn t feeding well or seems upset, see your. She may prescribe an antacid designed for babies, or possibly a feed thickener that can be added to or formula. Cow s milk allergy or intolerance If your baby s to cow s milk, it means his immune system reacts to cow s milk proteins. An means he has difficulty digesting lactose, which is the natural sugar found in milk. Cow s milk proteins and lactose are found in many. They ll also make their way into your if you eat or drink milk or other dairy products, such as cheese and yoghurt. If your baby has a cow s milk allergy or intolerance, he may vomit after feeding. It can be difficult to tell the difference between this and reflux. But if your baby has problems with cow s milk, he may also have: trouble If you re worried that your baby has problems with cow s milk, there are steps you can take. If you breastfeed your baby, you could ask your doctor about cutting cow s milk from for a while. If your baby s formula-fed, trying a hypoallergenic formula may help. Talk to your doctor before trying either of these, though. She ll want to check your baby s symptoms first, so she can be sure of what s causing them. If your doctor suspects that your baby does have a cow s milk allergy or intolerance, she may refer him to a specialist. A stomach bug If your baby s vomiting begins suddenly, or if he also has, he may have a tummy bug such as gastroenteritis.
Gastroenteritis can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection. If you think this could be the case, contact your doctor. She may ask for a sample of your baby s poo to find out the best way to treat your baby. Vomiting and diarrhoea mean your baby is losing precious fluids. These fluids must be replaced, to prevent. Give your baby sips of an oral rehydration solution (ORS), a few times an hour. Your doctor or pharmacist will be able to advise you about which solution is best for your baby. You can give it to him alongside his usual breastmilk or full-strength formula, and water. An illness or infection Your baby may be vomiting because he has an infection or illness. If so, you may notice other signs of illness too, such as: a an It can also be a symptom of more serious illnesses such as, which require quick treatment. So take your baby to the doctor straight away if you re at all concerned. Pyloric stenosis This is a rare condition that can cause your baby to vomit forcefully within half an hour of feeding. Pyloric stenosis is most likely to begin when your baby is about six weeks old, but could show up at any time before he reaches. It can sometimes run in families, and boys are about four times more likely to get it than girls. Pyloric stenosis happens because the muscle controlling the valve leading from the stomach into the intestines has thickened. This prevents the valve from opening up enough to let food and milk through, so it stays in the stomach or comes back up. The problem is easily corrected with minor surgery. See your doctor if you think your baby has pyloric stenosis. Learn more in our article.
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