why was the silk road important to china

Even though the name БSilk RoadБ derives from the popularity of Chinese silk among tradesmen in the Roman Empire and elsewhere in Europe, the material was not the only important export from the East to the West. Trade along the so-called Silk Road economic belt included fruits and vegetables, livestock, grain, leather and hides, tools, religious objects, artwork, precious stones and metals andБperhaps more importantlyБlanguage, culture, religious beliefs, philosophy and science. Commodities such as paper and gunpowder, both invented by the Chinese during the Han Dynasty, had obvious and lasting impacts on culture and history in the West.


They were also among the most-traded items between the East and West. Paper was invented in China during the 3rd century B. C. , and its use spread via the Silk Road, arriving first in Samarkand in around 700 A. D. , before moving to Europe through the then-Islamic ports of Sicily and Spain. Of course, paperБs arrival in Europe fostered significant industrial change, with the written word becoming a key form of mass communication for the first time.


The eventual development of the
allowed for the mass production of books and, later, newspaper, which enabled a wider exchange of news and information. Most people visit the portion of the Great Wall built during the Ming dynasty, the Badaling Great Wall. It is the closest to Beijing, just 44 miles northwest. This part of the wall was renovated in the 1950s and again in the 1980s. Your admission to the wall also includes the entrance fee to the China Great Wall Museum. Other parts of the wall, including the Mutianyu, Jiankou, Xiangshuihu, Juyongguan, Simatai, Jinshanling and Huanghua Great Walls can be visited, and each parts have their own distinct characteristics.


The Silk Road consists of three main routes and spreads over 6,214 miles. Many guided tours of parts of the routes are available. The most common tour will take you through Beijing, Urumqi, Kashgar, Urumqi, Turpan, Dunhuang, Xian and Shanghai over two weeks. A few of the highlights include the Great Wall, the Terra-cotta Warriors of Xian and the Great Mosque in Shanghai.

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