why do we change the clocks back

It's that time of year again where we turn the clocks backwards and all get one hour more in bed! The clocks will be going backward on Sunday 29 October at 2am - so you will probably be fast asleep tucked up in bed when it happens. When the clocks change like this, we are moving from what is called British Summer Time (BST) - also known as Daylight Saving Time (DST) or GMT+1 - back to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). In 2016 it was a particularly special year as it marked 100 years since we first changed our clocks like this. Once you've had a read about why we do this, have a go at our quiz at the end to see how much you've managed to remember. Whose idea was it to change the clocks? An American politician and inventor called Benjamin Franklin first came up with the idea while in Paris in 1784. He suggested that if people got up earlier, when it was lighter, then it would save on candles.


Benjamin Franklin, who first came up with the idea of moving the clocks according to daylight
But it arrived in the UK after Coldplay singer Chris Martin's great-great-grandfather, a builder called William Willett, thought it was a good idea too. In 1907, he published a leaflet called The Waste of Daylight, encouraging people to get out of bed earlier. Willett was a keen golfer and he got cross when his games would be cut short because the Sun went down and there wasn't enough light to carry on playing. When did we start changing our clocks? The idea of moving the clocks forwards and backwards was discussed by the government in 1908, but many people didn't like it so it wasn't made a law. Willett spent his life trying to convince people that it was a good idea, but it was only introduced in the UK in 1916 - a year after he died.


It was actually first introduced by the Germans in World World One, just before the UK did it. During World War Two, the UK actually used what was called British Double Summer Time (BDST), when the clocks were ahead by an extra hour during the summer. But this didn't last for very long. Now, the UK's clocks always go back by one hour on the last Sunday in October and forward by one hour on the last Sunday in March. Moving clocks like this is now done in some countries across the world, but many still don't do this. What do people think of it? Many people have different opinions about whether we should change our clocks like this. Some think having BST is a good thing because it saves energy, by making better use of natural daylight, and helps to reduce traffic accidents.


Others don't like it because they argue that it doesn't actually save any energy, and it can make it darker when children are going to school in the morning, which can be dangerous. They also think it is not very good for our health. to see how much you've remembered about this! It is no secret that Tories in the south want to leave Scotland in darkness, but fixing the clocks to British summertime would mean that dawn wouldn't break in Scotland until nearly 9am, he said. e had a point. Following a 1968 to 1971 trial, when BST was employed all year round northern Scotland saw a net increase in the number of people killed or seriously injured. The sun wouldnt rise fully until 10am in parts of Scotland and the countrys 1,000-or-so dairy farmers, who wake up before 5am, would have to work for hours in the dark.


Other farmers and construction workers, who need sunlight to perform their jobs, would end up having to work later into the evening. Some folks keen to reach a compromise have suggested the clocks change at Hadrian's Wall and not at Calais. Philip Broom writing on the National Farmer's Union website in 2011 said: A definite no. Combining will not start until midday and then have to go on until 11 oclock. Our day is long enough now. 'A Thomas', also writing on the NFU site, was worried that younger people having loud parties or barbecues in gardens and youths hanging around on streets would make it a nightmare for people getting up for work early mornings. A massive wind-up for some. Spare a thought for the staff ofP. They spend over 50 hours adjusting over 1000 clocks spread across the official residences of The Queen.

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