why was the renaissance late coming to england
One view: What mainly caused the renaissance (which means rebirth in french) was the black plague. The black plague killed one third to one half of the people i
n europe. It changed peoples perspective of things. It turned some even more towards religion and god. Other people began to hate god and question him. Others began to look more towards medicine and science. and so with people inquiring more into the wonders of the world, a great age of learing started changing the world. Another view, not necessarily in disagreement: I think the Renaissance began with the writings of Dante and Petrarch, and the artwork of Giotto di Bondone, before the plague hit. These people had profound effects on thinkers of their own times and later polymath geniuses like Alberti and da Vinci. Petrarch, probably even more than Dante, was important as a founder of Humanism, a movement that put emphasis on social science, education in the humanities, and secular ideology, while rejecting superstition and religious dogma as a basis for morality and ethics. Giotto's influence should not be underestimated. His development of linear perspective provided artwork that conformed more to the view of the real world as seen by the eye. In studying this to see how it was done, Renaissance thinkers were confronted by the novel idea of a "station point," the actual place or "point of view," from which a person sees the world, and this, I believe, had the great effect of making them see that a person's understanding of reality or "perspective" depended, to some degree, on his position, or "point of view. " The effects of such thinkers were profound, and stood in stark contrast to the people of the Middle Ages, who tended to be anonymous and not prone to self glorification.
People of the Renaissance began to promote themselves and their own ideas, with the belief that they had intellectual licence to oppose the earlier thinkers to whom they compared themselves with some feeling of superiority. The Condemnations of 1210-1277 made teaching that Aristotelian Science was true a heresy. This opened the door for ideas that did not conform to Aristotle, including both imported Islamic science, and home grown European developments, to advance. This improved understanding of physics, optics, chemistry, and some other areas of science The importation of Arabic numerals, during the 13th century, provided an impetus to establish new schools that taught middle class children, boys and girls, the new arithmetic methods they enabled. These schools, called abacus schools, also taught reading and writing in the vernacular and were aimed specifically at preparing the children for lives in commerce. This must have had an effect on humanism. The renaissance began with a cultural re-birthing from the 14th century to the middle of the 17th centuries. This was mostly in Italy. READING (Read Book 1, Canto 1) (Book 1 optional, Book 2 required) ASSIGNMENTS ART CONNECTION : After reading Book 2 of Thomas More's Utopia, create your own map of the island of Utopia. It can include all your original ideas and does not have to be a copy of More's map. It can be done in any medium. In your vision, what would utopia look like?
WRITING CONNECTION : Rewrite the two poems, "Passionate Shepherd" and "Nymph's Reply" in contemporary dialogue, as if it were being spoken in a movie in modern times. QUIZ : Read the section in the book titled The Renaissance, pages 127-148 and take this quiz. The questions are the same as those in the Review box on page 148. 1. Why was the Renaissance late coming to England? A. Confusion over the lack of a strong national language. B. Political unrest due to battling dynasties. C. Distance from Florence, Italy, where the Renaissance started. D. Devout religious leaders made Humanism illegal. E. Sir Thomas More opposed the spread of Renaissance ideas. 2. Who were the humanists? Choose all that apply. (Choose all that Apply) A. Sir Thomas More, Sir Thomas Wyatt, Henry Howard B. Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Mary Tudor C. Henry Tudor, King Richard, Opus Lancaster D. Lorenzo De Medici, Leonardo DaVinci, Michelangelo E. People who emphasized the achievements of humans, rather than the importance of God. 3. What literary work is considered the first masterpiece of the English Renaissance? A. B. C. D. E. 4. Why did Henry VIII break with the Roman Catholic church? A. He wanted to establish his own national religion. B. His first wife, Catherine of Aragon, was a Catholic. C. He supported the Protestant Reformation. D. He wanted a divorce, and the Pope wouldn't give him one. E. Because the previous dynasty had been Catholic. 5. What were the interludes? A. Plays with non-religious plots and characters. B. Intermission puppet shows during performances of Elizabethan dramas.
C. Plays with religious plots and characters. D. Recitations of poetry performed in public markets. E. Periods of time where people were more concerned with politics than literature. 6. In the Elizabethan idea of The Great Chain of Being, what position did humans occupy? A. At the bottom. B. Among the angels. C. Among the animals. D. At the top. E. At the middle. 7. What was the Protectorate? A. Charles I's court in hiding from Parliament at Nottingham. B. A military dictatorship established by the Parliament after executing King Charles. C. Oliver Cromwell's attempt to save Charles I from beheading. D. Charles II's government in exile in Paris. E. A refuge for poets and artists to escape the dangers of war. 8. What political event does the term Restoration refer to? A. The restoration of democracy as Parliament was given power over the government. B. The restoration of theatrical performances after the theaters were closed during the Protectorate. C. The restoration of Queen Elizabeth's daughter to the throne of England. D. The restoration of the palace after it had been destroyed in the war. E. The restoration of the monarchy as Charles II was crowned King. 9. What were the two major styles of early seventeenth-century poetry in England? A. Classical and Conservative. B. Physical and Metaphysical. C. Metaphysical and Philosophical. D. Metaphysical and Classical. E. Jacobean and Elizabethan. 10. What was the most influential prose work to come out of the seventeenth century? A. The King James Version of the Holy Bible. B. C. D. E.
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