why does my poop have blood in it
It is important to have a doctor evaluate any bleeding in the stool. Any details you can give about the bleeding will help your doctor locate the site of bleeding. For example, a black, tarry stool is likely an ulcer or other problem in the upper part of the digestive tract. Bright red blood or maroon-colored stools usually indicate a problem in the lower part of the digestive tract such as
or. After getting a medical history and doing a, the provider may order tests to determine the cause of bleeding. Tests may include: Nasogastric lavage. A test that may tell your doctor whether bleeding is in the upper or lower digestive tract. The procedure involves removing the contents of the through a tube inserted into the through the nose. If the stomach does not contain evidence of blood, the bleeding may have stopped or is more likely in the lower digestive tract. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). A procedure that involves inserting an endoscope, or flexible tube with a small camera on the end, through the and down the esophagus to the stomach and duodenum. The doctor can use this to look for the source of bleeding. Endoscopy can also be used to collect small tissue samples for examination under a microscope ( ). A procedure similar to an EGD except that the scope is inserted through the rectum to view the colon. As with an EGD, can be used to collect tissue samples to. Enteroscopy. A procedure similar to EGD and colonoscopy used to examine the small intestine.
In some cases this involves swallowing a capsule with a tiny camera inside that transmits images to video monitor as it passes through the digestive tract. Barium X-ray. A procedure that uses a contrast material called barium to make the digestive tract show up on an X-ray. The barium may either be swallowed or inserted into the rectum. Radionuclide scanning. A procedure that involves injecting small amounts of radioactive material into a vein and then using a special camera to see images of blood flow in the digestive tract to detect where bleeding is happening. Noticing blood in your poo can be a very stressful experience. This will happen to about 10% of adults every year, but the causes can vary. Most of the time, it will present as small amounts of bright red blood, meaning it's come from lower down the digestive tract, near the anus. You should always go to the doctor to investigate blood in your stool, but if it appears sticky and black, or plum-coloured, you should seek immediate medical attention. So what could be causing these unpleasant toilet troubles? 1. Haemorrhoids, also commonly referred to as piles, is a very common condition that can cause pain, discomfort and/or itching from your rectum. They often go away by themselves after a few days, but there are also creams available to ease the discomfort and speed up recovery. According to Dr Tony Tham, Consultant Gastroenterologist and Deputy Chair of the (BSG) Clinical Services and Standards Committee, haemorrhoids are "swollen veins in the rectum that can cause itching and pain.
In some cases you can see or feel haemorrhoids around the outside of the rectum. " Haemorrhoid irritation is one of the most common causes of rectal bleeding and over half of us will experience this at some point, so there's really nothing to be embarrassed about. Even if you suspect the bleeding is from piles, it's still worth visiting your GP as they can perform an examination to determine the exact cause. 2. Anal fissure Anyone who's experienced an anal fissure will appreciate how painful they can be. Often caused by constipation and straining, anal fissures tend to be easily diagnosed as they're normally visible during an examination. 1 in 10 people will experience an anal fissure in their lifetime, but some are more prone to tearing than others due to having unusually tight anal sphincter muscles. Dr Tham says: "An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the anus, the opening where your bowel movements come out. There is a muscle that wraps around the anus and holds it shut called the anal sphincter. The sphincter gets tense when the anus is injured from an anal fissure. " Anal fissures often clear up by themselves, but a high fibre diet and avoiding dehydration will help it heal quicker and ease the discomfort it's causing.
Over the counter painkillers can also help manage the pain while it heals. 3. Diverticulitis " describes the presence of diverticula which is a pouch like structure that can form through points of weakness in the muscle wall of the colon, at points where the blood vessels pass through the wall. Bleeding from a diverticulum can occur when a small blood vessel located within the diverticulum is eroded and bleeds into the colon," explains Dr Tham. Diverticulitis, the name given to the inflammation of these pouches, can cause severe, intermittent pain, as well as changes to bowel habits and even a fever. Although usually painless, you may experience what seems like a lot of blood in your stool which can be shocking. Diverticula pouches are permanent but a high fibre diet and staying well hydrated are the best ways to manage the symptoms. 4. Peptic ulcer It's a myth that ulcers are caused by stress. In fact up to 90% of cases are caused by a bacterial infection (Helicobacter pylori), and the rest are normally from medications like steroids or NSAIs. Stress can of course exaggerate symptoms though, especially if it causes you to change your diet and lifestyle (e. g. drinking more caffeine and alcohol, smoking more). " is a sore that can form on the lining of the stomach or duodenum which the first part of the small intestine. Bleeding from ulcers can produce black, tarry motions because the stomach acid turns blood black. "
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