world war 2 who fought against whom
An attack by planes dropping bombs. Practice for what to do in air raid, such as going to the shelter. A building to protect people from bombs. Countries (including Britain, France, the Soviet Union and the USA) who joined forces to fight the Axis Powers. Small plot of land for growing vegetables. Weapon first used in 1945 when two bombs were dropped on Japan, killing more than 100,000 people. Germany, Japan, Italy and other countries that were allies in World War 2. Wartime ban on street lights and other lights at night. German air raids, from a German word 'blitzkrieg' which means 'lightning war'. Countries ruled by Britain. Controlling what people say or write. People not in the armed forces. A network of civilian volunteers who assisted in the war effort by helping in air raids and rescuing people from bombed buildings. Group of friendly countries almost all of which were once part of the British Empire. Prison where Jews and other prisoners were kept by the Nazis. Slip of paper marked or torn out of a ration book. 6 June 1944, the date Allied forces landed in Normandy, France. Large shop selling different things in different departments.
Someone who was evacuated, moved from a danger area to a safer place. Places where things are made. The Army, Royal Air Force, Royal Navy and other services. Frank,Anne (1929-1945)
A German Jewish girl who spent two years hiding from the Nazis in a house in Holland. Her wartime diary was published after the war. Face mask to protect people against poison gas. Vote to choose Members of Parliament, and a new government. Machine for playing music records. Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945) Leader of Nazi Germany. Mass murder of Jews and other people by the Nazis. People who took in evacuees to live with them. Attacked and taken over by an enemy. People who follow the religion of Judaism. To free from an enemy's control. Clothing worn by soldiers, sailors and airmen. To do with the navy or warships. A fight between ships at sea. Short for National Socialist Party (in Germany), a follower of Hitler was also called a Nazi. Taken over by enemy forces. Leader of the government of Britain. Soldiers captured by the other side. Controlling news media (such as radio) to show your side in the best way.
Controlling the supply of food, clothes, petrol and other things. A person forced to leave their home, often by war. A list of names. In WW2 people had to register with shops before they could use their ration books there. Fighting back in an occupied country, for example by refusing to help the enemy. Waste metal such as old cooking pans. Machine that made a wailing noise as a warning when enemy planes were seen. A catchy phrase or saying. Country made up of Russia and other states that are now independent. A train pulled by a locomotive burning coal. Small hand pump for squirting water to put out fires. A short message sent by phone, then printed out and delivered. London's Tube rail system. Organization set up in 1945 by the Allies to work for world peace. People who don't eat meat. Mass murder or cruel treatment of people during a war. Wooden board with ridges, for scrubbing dirty clothes on. Who was involved in the First World War? Who was on each side? Before 1914 the Great Powers were in two big alliance blocs: the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy) and the Triple Entente (France, Russia and Britain).
The war extended and changed these two sides. Germany and its allies were known as the Central Powers: Germany and Austria-Hungary, later joined by the Ottoman Empire (Turkey plus the Middle East) and Bulgaria. The war quickly involved countries not part of the Triple Entente, so the opposing side was known as the Allies: Serbia, Russia, France and its Empire, Belgium, Montenegro and Britain and its Empire, including self-governing colonies like Canada and Australia. Italy changed sides and joined the Allies in 1915. Other Allied nations included Portugal, Japan, Greece, Romania, China and, towards the end of the war, various South American countries, including Brazil and Peru. The United States fought alongside the Allies from 1917, but as an вAssociated Powerв with no formal military alliance. SeГn Lang is a senior lecturer in history at Anglia Ruskin University, and the author of First World War for Dummies. For more burning historical Q As on the Tudors, ancient Rome, the First World War and ancient Egypt,
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