world war 1 was between which two countries

World War I took the lives of more than 9 million soldiers; 21 million more were wounded. Civilian casualties caused indirectly by the war numbered close to 10 million. The two nations most affected were Germany and France, each of which sent some 80 percent of their male populations between the ages of 15 and 49 into battle. The political disruption surrounding World War I also contributed to the fall of four venerable imperial dynastiesБGermany, Austria-Hungary, Russia and Turkey. World War I brought about massive social upheaval, as millions of women entered the workforce to support men who went to war, and to replace those who never came back. The first global war also helped to spread one of the worldБs deadliest global pandemics, the
epidemic of 1918, which killed an estimated 20 to 50 million people.


World War I has also been referred to as Бthe first modern war. Б Many of the technologies we now associate with military conflictБmachine guns, aerial combat and radio communicationsБwere introduced on a massive scale during World War I. The severe effects that such as mustard gas and phosgene had on soldiers and civilians during World War I galvanized public and military attitudes against their continued use. The agreements, signed in 1925, restricted the use of chemical and biological agents in warfare, and remains in effect today.


Who was involved in the First World War? Who was on each side? Before 1914 the Great Powers were in two big alliance blocs: the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy) and the Triple Entente (France, Russia and Britain). The war extended and changed these two sides. Germany and its allies were known as the Central Powers: Germany and Austria-Hungary, later joined by the Ottoman Empire (Turkey plus the Middle East) and Bulgaria. The war quickly involved countries not part of the Triple Entente, so the opposing side was known as the Allies: Serbia, Russia, France and its Empire, Belgium, Montenegro and Britain and its Empire, including self-governing colonies like Canada and Australia.


Italy changed sides and joined the Allies in 1915. Other Allied nations included Portugal, Japan, Greece, Romania, China and, towards the end of the war, various South American countries, including Brazil and Peru. The United States fought alongside the Allies from 1917, but as an вAssociated Powerв with no formal military alliance. SeГn Lang is a senior lecturer in history at Anglia Ruskin University, and the author of First World War for Dummies. For more burning historical Q As on the Tudors, ancient Rome, the First World War and ancient Egypt,

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