why does my baby spit up alot
You've just fed your baby breast milk or formula only to watch him or her spit up what seems like all of it. Is this normal? Find out the possible causes of spitting up, and what you can do about it. What causes spitting up? Spitting up is common in healthy babies. About half of all babies during their first three months experience their stomach contents coming back up into the esophagus, a condition known as gastroesophageal reflux, infant reflux or infant acid reflux. Normally, a muscle (lower esophageal sphincter) between the esophagus and the stomach keeps stomach contents where they belong. Until this muscle has time to mature, spitting up might be an issue especially if your baby is relatively full. What is the difference between spitting up and vomiting? Spitting up is the easy flow of a baby's stomach contents through his or her mouth, possibly with a burp. Vomiting occurs when the flow is forceful shooting out inches rather than dribbling from the mouth. It seems like my baby is spitting up a lot. Can spitting up affect my baby's growth? Normal spitting up doesn't interfere with a baby's well-being. As long as your baby seems comfortable and is eating well and gaining weight, there's little cause for concern. If your baby is gaining weight, then he or she isn't being harmed by the calories lost through spitting up. Keep in mind that it's easy to overestimate the amount your baby has spit up based on the size of a spit-up stain.
Will my baby outgrow spitting up? Most babies stop spitting up by age 12 months. What can you do to reduce spitting up? Keep your baby upright. Feed your baby in a more upright position. Follow each feeding with 30 minutes in an upright position. Avoid immediate active play or use of an infant swing. Avoid overfeeding. Feeding your baby smaller amounts, more frequently might help. Take time to burp your baby. Frequent burps during and after each feeding can keep air from building up in your baby's stomach. Put baby to sleep on his or her back. To reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), it's important to place your baby to sleep on his or her back. Placing a baby to sleep on his or her tummy to prevent spitting up isn't recommended. Experiment with your own diet. If you're breast-feeding, your baby's doctor might suggest that you eliminate dairy products or certain other foods from your diet. Can spitting up be a sign of a problem? Certain signs and symptoms might indicate an underlying condition or something more serious than run-of-the-mill spitting up. Contact your baby's doctor if your baby:
Treatment depends on what's causing the problem. Special feeding techniques might be helpful. In other cases, the doctor might prescribe medication to treat reflux. Dec. 07, 2015 My baby just spit up. Or vomited. Iвm not sure. But should I be worried? All things considered, baby spit-up usually is not an issue.
Also called reflux, it is the flow of food from the stomach to the mouth. It is common, not painful, and might continue until your baby is a year old. Often, it is simply the result of a still-developing digestive system or of overfeeding. Learn how to tell how baby spit-up is different from vomit, and when is too much of either one. Why do babies spit up? At birth, your babyвs tummy is about the size of a small marble. After three days, it is about the size of a ping-pong ball, but still canвt hold much. Until she is about 4 months old, your babyвs tummy can hold only small amounts of milk at a time. Too much milk during feedings can cause your baby to spit up or be fussy. There is no reason to worry about these common causes of spitting up. It is not painful to them, and most babies donвt even realize they have done it. As long as your baby is healthy and gaining weight, it is simply part of the development process. It might seem like a lot, but the amount of liquid your baby spits up might not be as much as you think. If your baby spits up more than 1 or 2 tablespoons at a time (or if spitting up is associated with respiratory symptoms such as choking, coughing, or wheezing), ask your healthcare professional if there is a reason to be concerned. How can you lessen the spit-up? To help your baby spit up less often, try: Holding her in a more upright position Making sure the hole in your bottle's nipple is not too large (for bottle-fed babies).
If milk continues to drip out when you turn the bottle upside down, the hole is probably too large. Keeping your baby in an upright position after eating. Avoiding too much activity Feeding your baby less food, but more often Your newborn will probably be hungry six to 10 times in a 24-hour period. As she gets bigger, her stomach will grow, so she will eat more at each feeding and eat less often. 2,3,4 The best way to feed your baby is to allow her to take as much as she seems to need. If she is fussy and has not been fed in more than two hours, it is probably time for a feeding. How is baby spit-up different from vomit? If spitting up is making your baby uncomfortable, and gets more forceful with more volume than usual, it might mean it is vomit. When babies vomit more than once, it is usually caused by a virus that includes diarrhea. Although these viruses usually are not dangerous, they can cause dehydration. Because babies younger than 1 year old are at greater risk of dehydration, consult your healthcare professional immediately if you think your baby might be dehydrated. When should you be concerned? Although it can be alarming, an occasional vomiting episode is usually not cause for concern. Frequent vomiting can indicate reflux disease, intestinal obstruction, infection, or a protein allergy. Contact your healthcare professional if your baby's usual spit-up: Leads to other issues (discomfort, fussiness, poor weight gain, or weight loss) Is accompanied by a fever, diarrhea, bloody mucus in the vomit, or a bloated abdomen Sometimes repeated vomiting in babies between 2 weeks old and 4 months old can be a sign of a blockage at the stomach.
Contact your healthcare professional if your baby vomits repeatedly. When babies have sudden bouts of vomiting associated with diarrhea, it is usually caused by a virus. Although these viruses usually are not dangerous, they can lead to dehydration, which can be a serious problem. It is important to know the signs of dehydration and what you can do to prevent it. What are the signs of dehydration? Has tearless, sunken eyes, dry skin, and little saliva The younger your baby, the greater the concern for dehydration. While she is ill, it is important to replace the fluids your baby is losing with small, frequent feedings. In many cases, an oral rehydration solution such as PedialyteВ is recommended. Check with your healthcare provider for advice. More questions about formula feeding? See our. Spangler AK, et al. J Hum Lact. 2008;24:199-205. Behrman RE, et al. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 16th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co. 2000:165. Samour PQ and King K. Handbook of Pediatric Nutrition. 3rd ed. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 2005:90. Fomon SJ. Infant Nutrition. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co. 1974:24.
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