why was teddy roosevelt called the trustbuster
Theodore Roosevelt was born on October 27, 1858, into a wealthy family in
City. Known as БTeedieББlater БTeddyББhe was frail and sickly as a boy, and as a teenager followed a program of gymnastics and weightlifting to build up his strength. Upon graduating from Harvard College in 1880, Roosevelt married Alice Hathaway Lee and entered Columbia University Law School, though he dropped out after only one year to enter public service. He was elected to the New York State Assembly at the age of 23, and served two terms (1882-84). Both his wife and mother died on the same day in 1884, and the grieving Roosevelt spent the next two years on a ranch he owned in the Badlands of the Dakota Territory, where he hunted big game, drove cattle and worked as a frontier sheriff.
Upon returning to New York, he married his childhood sweetheart, Edith Kermit Carow. The couple would raise six children, including RooseveltБs daughter from his first marriage, Alice. Did You Know? Early in his presidency, Theodore Roosevelt sparked a scandal when he invited the African-American educator Booker T. Washington to dine with him and his family; he was the first president ever to entertain a black man in the White House. In 1886, Roosevelt ran unsuccessfully for mayor of New York City. Two years later, President rewarded RooseveltБs service to the Republican Party with a job on the U. S. Civil Service Commission; he was reappointed by HarrisonБs successor,. In 1895, Roosevelt became president of the New York City Board of Police Commissioners, and in 1897 named him as assistant secretary of the U. S. Navy.
Upon the outbreak of the Spanish-American War in 1898, Roosevelt left his post as naval secretary to become colonel of the First U. S. Volunteer Cavalry, known as the БRough Riders. Б Once in Cuba, Roosevelt led the Rough Riders in a brave, costly uphill charge in the Battle of San Juan; he returned home as one of the warБs most visible heroes. Roosevelt explained his approach to social reform as "The Square Deal", which said "all people should have an equal opportunity to succeed through strong person al ethics, a sense of fairness, and adherence to the law. " Seeing trusts as a violation to this belief, he looked to the people of America for support for this regulation program.
He had government leaders design a series of moves to limit trusts, for example with the Northern Securities Company, which they took to court in 1904. The Supreme Court decided that Northern Securities Company violated the Sherman Antitrust Act by trying to attain a monopoly of northwester railroads. After a while, Roosevelt tried to pass legislation to assist these antitrust suits, and this was the Expedition Act. After this act, his reputation as a trustbuster grew. Please note- though known as a trustbuster, preferred regulation instead of trustbusting because regulation forced business leaders to obey laws, while trust busting broke apart monopolies after the fact.
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