why does my cat pee a lot

As more and more live exclusively indoors ( ) more and more are also using the. One of the best things about a litter box is that it allows you to be more aware of your catвs
habits. You may notice, for example, that youвre cleaning the box more often. [ If there is more urine in the litter box, it can sometimes be a bit difficult to tell if a cat is peeing larger volumes or just more often; however, itвs important to differentiate increased frequency from increased volume, since they indicate completely different potential problems and point to different locations in the urinary system. There are that cause increased frequency of small amounts of urine, conditions that result in large volumes of urine and conditions that cause increased attempts to urinate. You may need to keep a close eye on your cat to know for sure. It will also be important to know what is normal for your cat so that changes will be noticeable. One study, indicated that cats produced an average of 28 ml/kg of urine every 24 hours. В That equals about one half cup of urine a day for the average 10 pound cat. In general, what goes in must come out. Although minute water losses include tear flow, saliva flow and fluids contained in, the majority of water leaves the body of animals as urine. Is your cat peeing a lot or just often? Increased urine frequency (pollakiuria): If your cat is urinating small volumes frequently, he is not peeing too much; in fact, he may not be peeing enough.


This condition is called oliguria and refers to decreased urine formation by kidneys or decreased elimination of urine from the body. Voiding frequent, small volumes is most often a sign of bladder irritation associated with sterile, idiopathic, or obstruction. В Alternatively, increased frequency of a normal volume or increased attempts to urinate are serious signs of urinary problems, indicating possible inflammation or a sense of urgencyВ associated with an inability to empty the bladder because of some form of blockage. Oliguria associated with decreased urine formation by the may be in compensation for bodily fluid losses elsewhere or it may be pathologic, but is always significant. В These conditions should be treated as an and must be evaluated by a veterinarian as soon asВ possible. Increased volume (polyuria): If your cat is urinating larger than normal volumes, itвs called polyuria. Most of the time excessive urinating is a result of the bodyвs inability to regulate urine formation. Excess blood glucose, for instance, leaves the body through urine and carries a lot of water with it. В often results in an inability to retain fluids and so urine forms more rapidly than normal. Some hormonal diseases such as orВ result in poor urine concentrating ability, causing too much water to be excreted as urine.


Whatever the cause, the result is in an effort to balance this excess urine output. How will my veterinarian decide why my cat is peeing excessively? Your veterinarian will always start with a, but and urine tests are needed to evaluate organ function. What should I do if my cat seems to be peeing more than usual? These conditions are always serious and can be life threatening. The sooner your cat is diagnosed, the greater the chances of success. See your veterinarian at once! Also check out: If you have any questions or concerns, you should always visit or call your veterinarian -- they are your best resource to ensure the health and well-being of your pets. Cats have been dubbed the masters of disguise for their skill at masking the signs of illness. Fortunately for their owners, cats canвt always bury the evidence. In fact, leaving behind larger amounts of urine, or urinating more frequently in general, may be your catвs way of hinting at a serious health issue. What Goes In Must Come Out If youвre finding more urine in the litter box, it usually means your cat is drinking more, too. On average, a healthy 10-pound cat usually drinks about one cup of water a day. If you suspect that your cat is urinating more, try to determine how much he drinks in 24 hours. Measure fresh water into a bowl in the morning, and then keep track of how many times you refill the bowl, measuring each time.


The next morning, measure how much is left in the bowl. (For homes with more than one cat, you may need to isolate the cat in question in his own room during this time. ) If your cat drinks more than a cup of water per 10 pounds of body weight each day, you should call your veterinarian. A number of diseases can make your cat thirstier. The most common are kidney disease, diabetes and hyperthyroidism, an overproduction of thyroid hormone. Of course, hot weather can make your cat drink more too, so increased urination doesnвt always indicate a health problem. While you may be tempted to limit your catвs water so thereвs less to clean up in the litter box, you should never do this without consulting your veterinarian first. This can lead to severe dehydration and make matters worse. Itвs better to keep filling the water bowl to keep up with your catвs thirst. Changes in Urination Could Be Signs of Something Bigger Frequent and apparently painful urination can be the sign of a partial or full blockage of the urethra, the tube that channels urine from the bladder to the outside. This tends to occur more often in male cats because their urethras are typically longer and narrower than those of female cats. These cats tend to void smaller amounts of urine than their large-volume counterparts. They may strain, cry out in pain and even leave evidence of bloody urine.


Because the cat may associate the litter box itself with pain, it may eschew the box entirely and urinate in other areas of the house. When to See Your Vet If you suspect your cat may have a urinary blockage, itвs a medical emergency, and your cat needs to see the veterinarian immediately. If confirmed by the veterinarian, your cat will most likely require anesthesia and emergency care to unblock the urethra. If your catвs not straining to urinate, but just appears to be urinating more, itвs still important to schedule a veterinary visit in the near future. Your veterinarian may recommend blood tests, a urinalysis and possibly X-rays or other tests to help determine the cause of the problem. The Role of Nutrition in Urinary Health In many cases, your veterinarian may recommend a special diet to help support your catвs health. For example, some therapeutic foods have been shown to help slow the progression of kidney disease and extend the catвs lifespan. Other diets may help put diabetes into remission, so the cat no longer needs insulin. Still other foods may help reduce or eliminate the need for hyperthyroid medications and even help urinary blockages from recurring in the future. All of these make for a happier, healthier kitty. So your cat may leave fewer hints about his health in the litter box.

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