why was rosa parks arrested in 1955 quizlet

1955 In Montgomery,
is jailed for refusing to give up her seat on a public bus to a white man, a violation of the cityБs racial segregation laws. The successful, organized by a young Baptist minister named Martin Luther King, Jr. , followed ParkБs historic act of civil disobedience. БThe mother of the civil rights movement,Б as Rosa Parks is known, was born in Tuskegee, Alabama, in 1913. She worked as a seamstress and in 1943 joined the Montgomery chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People ( ). According to a Montgomery city ordinance in 1955, African Americans were required to sit at the back of public buses and were also obligated to give up those seats to white riders if the front of the bus filled up. Parks was in the first row of the black section when the white driver demanded that she give up her seat to a white man. ParksБ refusal was spontaneous but was not merely brought on by her tired feet, as is the popular legend.

In fact, local civil rights leaders had been planning a challenge to MontgomeryБs racist bus laws for several months, and Parks had been privy to this discussion. Learning of ParksБ arrest, the NAACP and other African American activists immediately called for a bus boycott to be held by black citizens on Monday, December 5. Word was spread by fliers, andб activists formed the Montgomery Improvement Associationб to organize the protest. The first day of the bus boycott was a great success, and that night the 26-year-old Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr. , told a large crowd gathered at a church, БThe great glory of American democracy is the right to protest for right. Б King emerged as the leader of the bus boycott and received numerous death threats from opponents of integration. At one point, his home was bombed, but he and his family escaped bodily harm. The boycott stretched on for more than a year, and participants carpooled or walked miles to work and school when no other means were possible.

As African Americans previously constituted 70 percent of the Montgomery bus ridership, the municipal transit system suffered gravely during the boycott. On November 13, 1956, the U. S. Supreme Court struck down Alabama state and Montgomery city bus segregation laws as being in violation of the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment to the U. S. Constitution. On December 20, King issued the following statement: БThe year old protest against city buses is officially called off, and the Negro citizens of Montgomery are urged to return to the buses tomorrow morning on a non-segregated basis. Б The boycott ended the next day. Rosa Parks was among the first to ride the newly desegregated buses. Martin Luther King, Jr. , and his nonviolent civil rights movement had won its first great victory.

There would be many more to come. Rosa Parks died on October 24, 2005. Three days later the U. S. Senate passed a resolution to honor Parks by allowing her body to lie in honor in the U. S. Capitol Rotunda. December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks stood up for what she believed, or rather, sat down for what she believed. On the evening of December 1, 1955, Parks, an African American, chose to take a seat on the bus on her ride home from work. Because she sat down and refused to give up her seat to a white passenger, she was arrested for disobeying an Alabama law requiring black people to relinquish seats to white people when the bus was full. (Blacks also had to sit at the back of the bus. ) Her arrest sparked a 381-day boycott of the Montgomery bus system. It also led to a 1956 Supreme Court decision banning segregation on public transportation. Who was Rosa Parks, the woman who helped spark the civil rights movement of the 1960s?

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