why does my baby cry uncontrollably at night
Nightly crying spells in a baby can frustrate and worry exhausted new parents. Crying spells may just be your babyâs way of releasing tension or may be a sign of colic, a harmless condition characterized by long bouts of crying. Although it may not be possible to stop the spells, making your baby more comfortable might help reduce crying. Crying is the way babies communicate. While they canât talk, they can let their caregivers know if theyâre hungry, tired, wet or bored with their cries. The American Academy of Pediatrics reports that fussy periods are common between 6 p. m. and midnight, with these crying spells peaking at about 3 hours a day by six weeks of age and declining to 1 or 2 hours per day by three to four months. The Academy advises that nightly crying spells arenât a reason for concern if the baby is relatively peaceful during the day and becomes calm after a few hours of crying. Doctors classify crying spells as colic when a baby cries over 3 hours per day, 3 or more days per week for longer than 3 weeks. Colic generally stops when the baby is three or four months old, but in some cases, it can last as long as 6 months. If your baby has colic, he may experience frequent crying spells during the day and night, with the spells peaking during the evening. During these spells, nothing you do will comfort him or reduce the crying. When your baby cries, he may swallow air, which can cause gas. If he has gas, his stomach will appear bloated and firm, he may pull his legs tight against his body and you may hear or smell him pass gas.
Although colic may just be a normal response of a nervous system that hasnât quite matured yet, in some cases, it may occur if your baby is sensitive to certain foods you eat if you are breastfeeding. Avoid caffeine, milk products, cabbage and onions if you think your diet may be contributing to the problem. If any of these foods are contributing to colic, you will notice a gradual reduction in crying spells. Soothing your child requires some experimentation, as not all babies respond to the same methods. Some babies enjoy the security and warmth of being swaddled in a blanket, while others may find comfort in a pacifier. Changing the way you feed your baby may help reduce crying spells. FamilyDoctor. org suggests feeding your baby if more than two hours have passed since the last feeding, and feeding your baby more often with less food at a time. Some babies find certain sounds calming, including the sounds made by clothes dryers or vacuum cleaners. Others enjoy the feeling of motion and may enjoy car rides or the gentle motion of a baby swing.
As parents, weÁre wired to respond when our babies cry. Our soothing methods vary, but we may try breast-feeding, skin-to-skin contact, soothing sounds, or gentle movement to calm a baby whoÁs upset. But what happens when your baby suddenly screams or cries in distress in the middle of the night, but is still asleep?
Can babies have nightmares? And how can you soothe a baby who cries without even waking up? á First, letÁs take a look at the unusual sleep patterns of babies Á itÁs a likely culprit if your baby cries while heÁs still asleep. Having a better idea of the cause behind these nighttime disruptions makes it easier to figure out the best way to handle them. Whoever coined the term Ásleeping like a babyÁ probably didnÁt spend much time around infants. Babies can be restless sleepers, especially when theyÁre new. Thanks to those little internal clocks that arenÁt fully functioning just yet, newborns can sleep somewhere between 16 and 20 hours every day, but that breaks down into lots of napping. Experts recommend waking newborn babies every three to four hours until theyÁre showing steady weight gain, which is sometime in the first few weeks. After that, new babies may sleep for four or five hours at a time. This will likely continue until around the 3-month mark, when babies usually start sleeping for eight to nine hours at night, along with a handful of naps during the day. But that nighttime stretch may have a few interruptions. Babies, especially newborns, spend about half of their sleeping hours in the rapid eye movement (REM) stage of sleep. REM sleep is also known as active sleep, and itÁs characterized by a few common traits: Your babyÁs arms and legs may jerk or twitch.
Your babyÁs eyes may move side to side beneath their closed eyelids. Your babyÁs breathing may seem irregular and may stop completely for five to 10 seconds (this is a condition called normal periodic breathing of infancy), before starting again with a rapid burst. Deep sleep, or nonREM sleep, is when your baby doesnÁt move at all and breathing is deep and regular. While adult sleep cycles Á the transition from light to deep sleep and back again Á last about 90 minutes, a babyÁs sleep cycle is much shorter, at 50 to 60 minutes. That means there are more opportunities for your baby to make those nighttime noises, including crying, without even waking up. How Do I Soothe My Baby While TheyÁre Still Sleeping? While your natural response to your babyÁs cry may be to wake them up for a cuddle, itÁs best to wait and watch. Just because your baby is making noises isnÁt necessarily a sign that theyÁre ready to wake up. Your baby may fuss momentarily during the transition from light to deep sleep before settling again. DonÁt rush to scoop up your baby just because they cry out in the night. Pay attention to the sound of their cry. A baby whoÁs crying in the night because theyÁre wet, hungry, cold, or even sick wonÁt fall back asleep in a minute or two. Those cries will escalate quickly. This is your cue to respond. In these cases, try to keep the awakenings quiet and calm. Do what needs to be done, whether itÁs a feeding or a fresh diaper, without unnecessary stimulation like bright lights or a loud voice.
The idea is to make it clear that nighttime is for sleeping. Remember, a baby making noise as they move through the stages of sleep will seem to be in a semiconscious state. It can be hard to tell if theyÁre awake or asleep. Again, waiting and watching is the best course of action. You donÁt need to soothe a baby crying while asleep the same way you would when theyÁre awake. Is My Baby Having a Nightmare? Some parents worry that their babiesÁ nighttime crying means theyÁre having a nightmare. ItÁs a topic without a clear answer, though some babies may begin developing night terrors around 8 to 12 months of age. This kind of sleep disturbance differs from nightmares, which tend to start later, around age 3 or 4. Night terrors take place during the deep sleep phase. Your baby may begin crying or even screaming suddenly if for some reason this stage is disrupted. ItÁs likely more disturbing for you. Your baby doesnÁt know theyÁre making such a commotion, and itÁs not something theyÁll remember in the morning. The best thing you can do is just make sure your baby is safe. When Should I Call a Doctor? There may be other reasons that your baby is crying while sleeping. If it seems to be affecting your babyÁs daytime routine, consult your doctor. It may be possible that something like teething or an illness is part of the problem.
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