why does government need an effective parliament
Because parliament holds the govt to account; through scrutiny, legislation and the general adversary nature of politics. Contary to popular beleif, this is actually beneficial to the government as it provides it with legitimation. Parliament (in this case, thr HoC), represents the people (and it's actions are answerable to them), so if they agree (however begrudgingly), they are granting consent to what the government do (e. g measures, actions and general legislation)- which is very important for the government! Therefore, the government (which you have to remember is not directly elected), needs an effective parliament in order to scrutinise and asses it, so that when consent is given, the Government is legitimised x x x
What is the Government? The Government are the people responsible for running the country. The political party that wins the most seats at a takes charge of the Government for five years, until the next General Election. The leader of the winning party is appointed as Prime Minister and chooses other party members to work in the Government with them - as Cabinet ministers and junior ministers.
What is Parliament? Parliament is there to represent our interests and make sure they are taken into account by the Government. The Government cannot make new laws or raise new taxes without Parliamentвs agreement. Parliament is made up of people we have elected and people who have been appointed. They sit in two separate Houses: The House of Commons, where all the people we have elected at the General Election work, as MPs, for the next five years. This includes people in other political parties, as well as those in the winning party who were not chosen to be ministers. The House of Lords, whose members are mostly appointed for life rather than elected. They have often been chosen because of their achievements and experience. Many do not belong to a political party. Government ministers also have seats in Parliament but most of their work is done in Government departments.
What does the Government do? The Government is responsible for deciding how the country is run and for managing things, day to day. They set taxes, choose what to spend public money on and decide how best to deliver public services, such as: While many government powers have been delegated to the in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, only the UK Government can speak on behalf of the UK and represent us abroad. More about the day to day work of the Government can be found on the What does Parliament do? Parliamentвs job is to look closely at the Governmentвs plans and to monitor the way they are running things. workable and efficient в by examining new proposals closely and suggesting improvements, checking how public money is being spent and tracking how new laws are working out in practice Members of both Houses of Parliament can speak up for us if a government department or agency treats us unfairly. Government ministers are required to come to Parliament regularly to answer questions, respond to issues raised in debates and keep both Houses informed of any important decisions they take.
In this way, Parliament can hold the Government to account for its actions. What is the Opposition? The Opposition works in Parliament. After a General Election, the largest non-government party in the House of Commons becomes the Official Opposition. The Leader of the Opposition takes the lead role in questioning the Prime Minister when they come to Parliament. The Leader of the Opposition chooses a team в known as the Shadow Cabinet в who take the lead in questioning other Government ministers when they come to Parliament. Who should I contact в Parliament or the Government? It may be neither of these in the first instance в to check other options first, see our page: a government-run service в e. g. health services, visas and immigration, state pension or tax credits/universal credit
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