why does america celebrate hispanic heritage month
Each year, the United States honors the contributions that Latinos have made to our country with a Hispanic Heritage Month celebration that runs from September 15 to October 15. This annual month long celebration began 29 years ago, but its inception stretches back farther. Congress first passed a resolution to celebrate Hispanic heritage at the national level as a weeklong event on September 17, 1968. Nearly 20 years later, on August 17, 1988, President Ronald Reagan stretched the celebrations to a month, from September 15 to October 15. National Hispanic Heritage Month is observed in the United States, Canada, and Latin America. September 15 was chosen as the start date in order to coincide with the Independence Day celebrations of five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile observe their independence on September 16 and September 18, respectively. Catholic Relief Services recognizes that more than half of the Hispanics in the U. S. are Catholic and is honored to join in celebrating and paying tribute to the diversity of cultures and accomplishments within the Latino community.
The support of Latinos is crucial to our work as the official international humanitarian agency of the U. S. Catholic community. CRS has been intimately linked with Latin America throughout the organization's history. In fact, our very first project in 1943 began when Colonia Santa Rosa, in Guanajuato, Mexico, gave shelter to 709 Polish refugees that we helped place. This began a shared history that continues more than 75Pyears later. Then, as now, our mission was to assist the poor and suffering on the basis of need, without regard to creed, race or nationality. PFind out more about CRS' work in Latin America. Throughout the history of the United States, people have come from various parts of the globe and have contributed to build this nation where we live today. Commemorating Hispanic Heritage Month gives us an opportunity not only to feel proud of our roots, but also to share with those who are not Hispanic the richness and diversity of the various Latin American cultures.
Our Hispanic families, both in the United States and in their home countries, face the same challenges in some way: poverty, climate change and violence. Let's take a moment to reflect on everything we share now or shared at some point in our lives and realize how much we share, how much we overcome. The U. S. Hispanic population now stands at more than 55. 3 million, making them the second-largest racial or ethnic group in the U. S. Hispanics make up 17. 3% of the U. S. population. y 2060, the Hispanic population is projected to be 119 million. About 55% of Latino adults say they are Catholic, while 16% are evangelical Protestants and 5% are mainline Protestants (2013. )
People of Mexican origin account for two-thirds (34 million) of the nation's Latinos. Since 2000, the primary source of Latino population growth has swung from immigration to native births.
Between 2000 and 2010, there were 9. 6 million Latino births in the U. S. , while the number of newly arrived immigrants was 6. 5 million. Top five stayes of residence in 2014 California, Florida, Illinois, New York and Texas. Latinos are the youngest of the major racial and ethnic groups in the U. S. At 28, the median age of Latinos is a full decade lower than that of the U. S. overall (37 years). About one-third, or 17. 9 million, of the nations Hispanic population is younger than 18, and about a quarter, or 14. 6 million, of all Hispanics are Millennials (ages 18 to 33). Among Hispanic eligible voters, 44% are Millennial Hispanics - the single largest cohort of Hispanic eligible voters. *Pew Research Hispanic Trends Project Statistics U. S. Census Bureau Hispanic Heritage MONTH was established by legislation sponsored by Rep. Edward R. Roybal (D-Los Angeles) first proclaimed President in 1968.
The commemorative week was expanded by legislation sponsored by Rep. Esteban E. Torres (D-Pico Rivera) and implemented by President in 1988 to cover a 30-day period (September 15 - October 15). It was enacted into law on August 17, 1988 on the approval of. September 15 was chosen as the starting point for the celebration because it is the anniversary of independence of five countries:, and. All declared independence in 1821. In addition, and celebrate their independence days on September 16, September 18, and September 21, respectively. Hispanic Heritage Month (HHM) also celebrates the long and important presence of Hispanic and Latino Americans in North America. A map of late 18th-century North America shows this presence, from the small outpost of founded in Alta California in 1776, through the Spanish province of with its vaqueros (cowboys), to the fortress of the first colonial settlement in North America, founded in 1513, ninety-four years before the English landed in.
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