why does globalization contribute to the rise of international terrorism
Europe emerged from the Medieval period and the Renaissance beganin places such as the Italian peninsula. The movement thereenlightened the ruling kingdoms to the point that they began tolook beyond their borders and develop their societies in a new way. They also began to see that the Roman Catholic Church, dominatedtheir religious lives and a new movement started by Luther inGermany gave birth to Protestantism. During the 16th and 17th centuries, a series of religious warsdominated the political and economic trends of Europe. The wars,taken by themselves, were bloody affairs but for better or worse,contacts between kingdoms increased and alliances were made andalliances were broken. Part of this process, was the development of military forces andnew weapons. In order to create an advantage for themselves overEuropean rivals, the need to trade and find better ways of makingwar, elevated the kingdoms above other parts of the globe.
From a disunited status of the Middle Ages, new nationalisticStates began to form. If wealth could be obtained from othernations, it was pursued to the point of nation vs nation warfare. In their searches for leverage over their European foes, wealthierand more intellectual nations began to see that material resourcessuch as coal and iron ore, were beneficial to their populations andbeneficial to producing weapons of war. These nations also were aware of riches in minerals, gold andsilver, that might be obtained overseas. Inroads from Europe weremade in North Africa, which did not have organized governments tothe extent that European kings possessed.
The far east had been opened to a limited extent by the expeditionsof Marco Polo to China. They correctly perceived that the riches inthe East could be turned into power & wealth in their Europeankingdoms. Faster ways of reaching the East were developed byexploring the possibilities of sailing west to "get" to the Eastfaster and more safely than Marco Polo type land expeditions. Bottom line here is from the Renaissance period forward, newsciences, new ways to travel, new forms of nationalism, new formsof warfare, created a competitive environment among the peoples ofEurope. No other region on Earth, had developed in this manner. Thus, upon exploration new lands and under developed peoples becameplaces to obtain wealth & power.
Governance in a more traditional senseвfeaturing actual governmental bodiesвis also possible at the international level but so far is pretty skeletal.
Western labor unions would like to use the leverage of the World Trade Organization to upgrade foreign working conditionsвwhether with child labor laws or workplace safety standards or a guaranteed right to bargain collectively, or whatever. So far they've been foiled, but there's no reason in principle that the WTO can't address labor issues and even the transnational environmental issues that concern anti-globalization activists, thus evolving from a right-wing form of governance toward the center. (The Clinton administration set a small precedent by signing a bilateral deal with Jordan that was the first American trade pact to meaningfully address labor standards. )
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