why was deflation hard on farmers but inflation was not
I agree with that. I do not agree here. You cannot compare real life to a game. A game is focused around Ferrari's. It's not just the satele shan armour sets and the command thrones that are at stake here. A lot of other items have gone up in price accordingly. It costs you millions to get something decent from the gtn, whether it's armour sets, crystals, decorations, mounts whatever. All of these items are part of the focus of this game. I do not agree that just very few people are interested in these items. Also mid priced items are much higher. But don't get me wrong. I am not the one saying it's the gold sellers fault. I blame all this on the ease with which credits can be earned since 4. 0 The basic services have not increased as such for general gameplay like traveling and repair costs. Those I call generic costs. Collectors have been since the beginning but it wasn't until 4. 0 that suddenly prices went up dramatically on the GTN. That's the only inflation worth worrying about when a game gives you more and more credits and the base costs at vendors etc stay exactly the same. But that still isn't because of the gold sellers.
Everyone knows that deflation is bad. Bad, bad, bad. Why is it bad? Well, we learned it in school. We learned it from the pundits on the news.
The Great Depression. Japan. What, are you crazy? It's bad. Here, let Ed Castranova explain it to you (, pp. 160-61): Deflation means that all prices are falling and the currency is gaining in value. Why is this a disaster?. If you hold paper money and see that it is actually gaining in value, it may occur to you that you can increase your purchasing power--make a profit--by not spending it. But if many people hold on to their money, this can dramatically reduce real economic activity and growth. In this post, I want to report some data that may lead people to question this common narrative. Note, I am not saying that there is no element of truth in the interpretation (maybe there is, maybe there isn't). And I do not want to question the likely bad effects that come about owing to a large unexpected deflation (or inflation). What I want to question is whether a period of prolonged moderate (and presumably expected ) deflation is necessarily associated with periods of depressed economic activity. Most people certainly seem to think so. But why? The first example I want to show you is for the postbellum United States ( Following the end of the U. S. civil war, the price-level (GDP deflator) fell steadily for 35 years.
In 1900, it was close to 50% of its 1865 value. In the meantime, real per capita GDP grew by 85%. That's an average annual growth rate of about 1. 8% in real per capita income. The average annual rate of deflation was about 2%. I wonder how many people are aware of this "disaster? " O. K. , well maybe that was just long ago. Sure. Let's take a look at some more recent data from the United States, the United Kingdom, and Japan. The sample period begins in 2009 (the trough of the Great Recession) and ends in late 2013. Here is what the price level dynamic looks like since 2009: Over this five year period, the price level is up about 7% in the United States and about 11% in the United Kingdom. As for Japan, well, we all know about the Japanese deflation problem. Over the same period of time, the price level in Japan fell by almost 7%. Now, I want you to try to guess what the recovery dynamic--measured in real per capita GDP--looks like for each of these countries. Surely, the U. K. must be performing relatively well, Japan relatively poorly, and the U. S. somewhere in the middle? You would be correct in supposing that the U. S. is somewhere in the middle: But you would have mixed up the U. K. with Japan. Since the trough of the past recession, Japanese real per capita GDP is up 15% (as of the end of 2013)--roughly 3% annual growth rate.
Is deflation really so bad? Maybe the Japanese would like the U. K. style inflation instead? I don't get it. I have some more evidence to contradict the notion of deflation discouraging spending (transactions). The evidence pertains to and the data is available here:. Many people are aware of the massive increase in the purchasing power of Bitcoin over the past couple of years (i. e. , a massive deflationary episode). As is well-known, the protocol is designed such that the total supply of bitcoins will never exceed 21M units. In the meantime, this virtual currency and payment system continues to see its popularity and use grow. One might think that given the prospect of continued long run deflation--i. e, price appreciation (it's hard to believe that holders of bitcoin are thinking anything else)--that people would generally be induced to hoard and not spend their bitcoins. And yet, available data seems to suggest that this may not be the case: Maybe deflation is not so bad after all? Let's hope so, because we may all have to start getting used to the idea!  (Michael Bordo and Angela Redish).  (Andy Atkeson and Pat Kehoe).  (David Beckworth).
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