why does exercise help diabetes type 2

When you have type 2 diabetes, physical activity is an important component of your treatment plan. Itвs also important to have a
and maintain your blood glucose level through or, if necessary. If you stay fit and active throughout your life, youвll be able to better control your diabetes and keep your blood glucose level in the correct range. Controlling your blood glucose level is essential to preventing, such as nerve pain and kidney disease. p. p1 {margin: 0. 0px 0. 0px 0. 0px 0. 0px; font: 13. 0px Arial; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} span. s1 {font-kerning: none} Exercise has so many benefits, but the biggest one is that it makes it easier to control your blood glucose (blood sugar) level. People with type 2 diabetes have too much glucose in their blood, either because their body doesnвt produce enough insulin to process it, or because their body doesnвt use insulin properly (insulin resistant). In either case, exercise can reduce the glucose in your blood. Muscles can use glucose without insulin when youвre exercising. In other words, it doesnвt matter if youвre insulin resistant or if you donвt have enough insulin: when you exercise, your muscles get the glucose they need, and in turn, your blood glucose level goes down.


If youвre insulin resistant, exercise actually makes your insulin more effective. That isвyour insulin resistance goes down when you exercise, and your cells can use the glucose more effectively. Exercise can also help people with type 2 diabetes avoid long-term complications, especially heart problems. People with diabetes are susceptible to developing blocked arteries (arteriosclerosis), which can lead to a heart attack. Exercise helps keep your heart healthy and strong. Plus, exercise helps you maintain good cholesterolвand that helps you avoid arteriosclerosis. Leaner, stronger muscles If you stick with it, exercise can reduce your need for blood-sugar-lowering drugs. (ISTOCKPHOTO) You may consider exercise a nuisance, a chore, or simply a bore. But if you've been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you need to look at physical activity in a whole new light. Now it's a tool. Just like taking a drug or altering your diet, exercise can lower blood sugar on its own, even if you don't lose weight. "Exercising is the most underused treatment and it's so, so powerful," said Sharon Movsas, RD, a diabetes nutrition specialist at the Clinical Diabetes Center at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City. For most people with diabetes, exercise is a safe and highly recommended way to reduce the risk of complications.


However, check with your doctor to make sure you don't have heart problems, nerve damage, or other issues that need when you are working out. How exercise affects blood sugar In general, blood sugar drops after exercise and is lower for the next 24 to 48 hours, says Movsas. "If I take a blood sugar reading after aqua-aerobics, I usually notice it's down," says David Mair, 79, of Marquette, Mich. When you exercise, your muscles become more sensitive to insulin and absorb more glucose from the blood. However, like many aspects of type 2 diabetes, the response can be highly personal. Exercise can sometimes. At first, you'll need to test your blood sugar before, after, and sometimes during exercise, to see how your body responds). Exercise also helps lower blood pressureGan important benefit since high blood pressure can contribute to heart attacks, strokes, eye problems, kidney failure, and other type 2 diabetes complications. PPNext Page:P [ pagebreak ] Start slow and work up Even if you know exercise is good for you, it doesn't make it easy. Luckily, studies have shed light on the most for type 2 diabetes. Using a pedometer and aiming for 10,000 steps per day is one tried-and-true approach, although you need to determine what works best for you.


Overall, the goal is 30 minutes of aerobic activity at least five days a week. But it may take some time to get there, particularly if you've never been a big fan of exercise. In those cases, medication and diet are the preferred first step to get blood sugar down. Then you can start out with short (five-to 10-minute) walks before increasing your physical activity. At first, physical activity may not feel good, particularly if you are obese, says Virginia Valentine, a certified diabetes educator who also has type 2 diabetes. If you are obese or have another condition that impairs your mobility (such as arthritis), you may even need a specialized exercise program. Check with local hospitals to see if they have programs for the mobility-impaired, which may include chair exercises, yoga for seniors, Aquacise, or the use of recumbent stationary bikes. However you exercise, you may be able to for blood-sugar-lowering drugs if you stick with it. "There are some cases where people have been able to be taken off medication," said Samantha Heller, RD, nutrition coordinator for the Fairfield, Conn. , YMCA.

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