why veterans day is celebrated on november 11
The was signed on June 28, 1919, marking the official end of. Nonetheless, the armistice date of November 11, 1918, remained in the public imagination as the date that marked the end of the conflict. One year later, in November 1919, U. S. President
proclaimed November 11 as the first commemoration of Armistice Day. The dayБs observation included parades and public gatherings, as well as a brief pause in business and school activities at 11 a. m. On November 11, 1921, an unidentified American soldier killed in the war was buried at near, D. C. On the same day the previous year, unidentified soldiers were laid to rest at in London and at the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. Did You Know? Red poppies, a symbol of World War I from their appearance in the beloved poem "In Flanders Fields" by John McCrae, are sold in Canada and the United Kingdom on Remembrance Day to raise money for veterans or worn in the lapel as a tribute. On June 4, 1926, Congress passed a resolution that the Бrecurring anniversary of [November 11, 1918] should be commemorated with thanksgiving and prayer and exercises designed to perpetuate peace through good will and mutual understanding between nations,Б and that the president should issue an annual proclamation calling for the observance of Armistice Day. By that time, 27 state legislatures had made November 11 a legal holiday. An act approved May 13, 1938 made November 11 a legal Federal holiday, Бdedicated to the cause of world peace and to be hereafter celebrated and known as БArmistice Day. 'Б In actuality, there are no U. S. national holidays because the states retain the right to designate their own, and the government can only designate holidays for federal employees and for the District of Columbia.
In practice, however, states almost always follow the federal lead. Veterans Day is a time to thank all those who have served in the U. S. armed forces. The holiday traces its origins back to the end of World War I. On Nov. 11, 1918, an armistice between the U. S. -led Allied nations and Germany went into effect on the 11 month. Though the war wasn't officially over until the Treaty of Versailles was signed seven months later, the Nov. 11 is recognized as the end of the "war to end all wars," according to the Veterans Administration. In November 1919, President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed Nov. 11 as the first commemoration of what was then known as Armistice Day, saying "To us in America, the reflections of Armistice Day will be filled with solemn pride in the heroism of those who died in the country's service and with gratitude for the victory, both because of the thing from which it has freed us and because of the opportunity it has given America to show her sympathy with peace and justice in the councils of the nations. " The day was originally celebrated with parades and a brief suspension of business at 11 a. m. Congress officially recognized the day with a resolution passed on June 4, 1926. It was then that the day - Nov. 11 - was officially recognized as the date of the holiday. Almost 30 years later, after U. S. soldiers had served in World War II and Korea, Congress voted to change the name from Armistice Day to Veterans Day in honor of all those who served in the military. Veterans Day remained on Nov. 11, no matter which day that fell, until the passage of the Uniform Holiday Bill.
The 1968 law was intended to ensure three-day weekends for federal employees by celebrating four national holidays on Mondays: Washington's Birthday, Memorial Day, Veterans Day, and Columbus Day. Veterans Day was first moved off its Nov. 11 day to a Monday on Oct. 25, 1971. The change was not well received. "It was quite apparent that the commemoration of this day was a matter of historic and patriotic significance to a great number of our citizens," the VA said. On Sept. 20, 1975, President Gerald Ford signed a bill returning Veterans Day to its original date of Nov. 11. It continues to be observed on Nov. 11, regardless of what day of the week on which it falls. While veterans are the focus of today's celebration, the VA has designated November as National Veterans and Military Families Month, a time to celebrate both past and present military personnel. Veterans Day facts Number of veterans in the U. S. - There are 18. 5 million military veterans in the U. S. according to the Census Bureau. 9. 2 million of those are age 65 and older. More on when they served - There are 6. 7 million Vietnam Era veterans in 2016. There were 7. 1 million who served during the Gulf War (representing service from August 1990 to present); 768,263 who served in World War II; 1. 6 million who served in the Korean War; and 2. 4 million who served in peacetime only. The number of living veterans in 2016 who served during three wartime periods: 65,562 served during the Vietnam Era and both periods of the Gulf War (August 1990 to August 2001 and September 2001 or later). 25,703 served during World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam Era.
The number of living veterans in 2016 who served during two wartime periods: 1,150,328 served during both periods of the Gulf War (August 1990 to August 2001 and September 2001 or later). 285,649 served during the Gulf War (August 1990 to August 2001) and the Vietnam Era. 140,101 served during the Korean War and the Vietnam Era. 56,105 served during World War II and the Korean War. Difference between Veterans Day and Memorial Day: Veterans Day is a federal holiday that is celebrated on Nov. 11 each year. It's often confused with Memorial Day, which is set aside to honor those who died serving their country. Veterans Day is for all those who have served in the armed forces. Alabama's role: In 1945, Birmingham veteran Raymond Weeks, a veteran of World War II, led a delegation to then Army Chief of Staff Gen. Dwight Eisenhower to convince him to turn Armistice Day into a time to honor all those who served in the armed forces. Weeks led the first national celebration in Alabama in 1947, something he continued to do until his death in 1985. Celebrations in other countries: Britain, France, Australia and Canada commemorate those who served in World Wars I and II on or near Nov. 11th: Canada has Remembrance Day and Britain has Remembrance Sunday (the second Sunday of November). In Europe, Britain and the Commonwealth countries it is common to observe two minutes of silence at 11 a. m. every Nov. 11. Its official name is Veterans Day: According to the VA's Office of Public Affairs, the correct spelling is Veterans Day, no apostrophe. The spelling reflects that the day does not belong to veterans but is instead a time to honor all those who served.
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