why does high blood sugar make you thirsty

Early symptoms of diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, can be subtle or seemingly harmless that is, if you even have symptoms at all. Over time, however, you may develop diabetes complications, even if you haven't had diabetes symptoms. In the United States alone, more than 8 million people have undiagnosed diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association. But you don't need to become a statistic. Understanding possible diabetes symptoms can lead to early diagnosis and treatment and a lifetime of better health. If you're experiencing any of the following diabetes signs and symptoms, see your doctor. Excessive thirst (also called polydipsia) and increased urination (also known as polyuria) are classic diabetes symptoms. When you have diabetes, excess sugar (glucose) builds up in your blood. Your kidneys are forced to work overtime to filter and absorb the excess sugar. If your kidneys can't keep up, the excess sugar is excreted into your urine, dragging along fluids from your tissues. This triggers more frequent urination, which may leave you dehydrated. As you drink more fluids to quench your thirst, you'll urinate even more. You may feel fatigued. Many factors can contribute to this. They include dehydration from increased urination and your body's inability to function properly, since it's less able to use sugar for energy needs.


Weight fluctuations also fall under the umbrella of possible diabetes signs and symptoms. When you lose sugar through frequent urination, you also lose calories. At the same time, diabetes may keep the sugar from your food from reaching your cells leading to constant hunger. The combined effect is potentially rapid weight loss, especially if you have type 1 diabetes. Diabetes symptoms sometimes involve your vision. High levels of blood sugar pull fluid from your tissues, including the lenses of your eyes. This affects your ability to focus. Left untreated, diabetes can cause new blood vessels to form in your retina the back part of your eye and damage established vessels. For most people, these early changes do not cause vision problems. However, if these changes progress undetected, they can lead to vision loss and blindness. Doctors and people with diabetes have observed that infections seem more common if you have diabetes. Research in this area, however, has not proved whether this is entirely true, nor why. It may be that high levels of blood sugar impair your body's natural healing process and your ability to fight infections. For women, bladder and vaginal infections are especially common. Excess sugar in your blood can lead to nerve damage.


You may notice tingling and loss of sensation in your hands and feet, as well as burning pain in your arms, hands, legs and feet. Red, swollen, tender gums
Diabetes may weaken your ability to fight germs, which increases the risk of infection in your gums and in the bones that hold your teeth in place. Your gums may pull away from your teeth, your teeth may become loose, or you may develop sores or pockets of pus in your gums especially if you have a gum infection before diabetes develops. If you notice any possible diabetes signs or symptoms, contact your doctor. The earlier the condition is diagnosed, the sooner treatment can begin. Diabetes is a serious condition. But with your active participation and the support of your health care team, you can manage diabetes while enjoying an active, healthy life. April 21, 2016 Excessive thirst, or polydipsia, can be triggered by different factors such as eating too much salt or taking medications that cause dry mouth. Thirst is also a symptom of diabetes. For people with, thirst can be a sign of, or high blood sugar. The kidneys play a vital role in regulating levels of blood sugar by filtering the blood and absorbing excess glucose. When very high levels of sugar build up in the blood, the kidneys canБt keep up and they produce more urine than normalб Б a condition known as polyuria.


As a result, you can become dehydrated. БPeople who have well-controlled diabetes should be at no increased risk for excessive thirst compared with somebody who doesnБt have diabetes,Б says, assistant professor of medicine-endocrinology at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and clinical endocrinologist inб the division of endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolismб at theб Montefiore Health System in the Bronx, New York. БItБs really poor control of oneБs blood sugar and an increase in urination and excretion of water that makes people [with diabetes] feel very thirsty and increases their need to maintain water balance. Б As Dr. Bloomgarden points out, even people who are doing a good job of controlling their diabetes can develop very high blood sugar. A, infection, or even a very stressful situation can cause blood sugar to rise, and excessive thirst may be the first sign that something is wrong. БIf youБre experiencing excessive thirst, you should contact your doctor immediately, because it may indicate severe hyperglycemia,Б says Bloomgarden. If you have diabetes and youБre not sure whether youБre unusually thirsty, Bloomgarden suggests that you.


If your blood sugar is normal but youБre thirstier than usual (or youБre going to the bathroom more often), consult your doctor. If you are experiencing excessive thirst related to hyperglycemia, itБs imperative to get your diabetes under control. Make sure youБre following the treatment plan prescribed by your doctor, including any lifestyle recommendations such as and exercising regularly. If youБre having trouble sticking with your treatment plan, you may benefit from consulting with a certified diabetes educator, who can help you self-manage your blood sugar. ItБs also important to make sure youБre drinking enough water, especially if your blood sugar is elevated. The б recommends drinking a minimum of eight glasses of water a day. БThere are no complications associated with increased thirst if people are able to drink water freely,Б says Bloomgarden. But it can become a major issue if somebody is elderly or isnБt mobile and doesnБt have the ability to access water or other liquids. БThen they can get profoundly dehydrated, and that can be extremely dangerous,Б he warns. Do you have a health-related question for Dr. Gupta? You can submit itб. For more health news and advice, visitб. PHOTO CREDIT: Jose A. Bernat Bacete/Getty Images

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