why does drinking alcohol make your face red
Does your face always look madly sunburnt after a couple glasses of Hennessy? You re not alone. A drunken Internet search may have you paranoid about a plethora of serious dangersБintense allergic reactions, alcoholism. б
But the real reason you look like an Oompa Loompa after happy hour all comes down to science. Basically,б the flushed skin is your bodyБs way of letting you know that itБs not metabolizing alcohol the way it should be. Blood pressure skyrockets when alcohol is consumed, and the liquid is broken down into a compound called acetaldehyde. When your body cannot metabolize the compound during this process, the blood capillaries in your face dilate, resulting in a visibly blotchy face. The phenomena is officially dubbed as alcohol flush reaction, defined as a condition in which an individual develops flushes associated with erythema on the face, neck, shoulders, and in some rare cases, the entire body. Due to genomic differences, 80 percent of East Asians suffer with the syndrome. Most Asians inherit an overactive alcohol dehydrogenase, so they break down acetaldehyde extremely quickly, sometimes up to 100 times faster. Because of this, they donБt experience the typical alcohol Бbuzz.
Б Instead, an inactive variant of the liver enzyme ALDH2 causes acetaldehyde to clear from their bloodstream at a slowed pace, instigating a significantly greater buildup of acetaldehyde and Santa-like cheeks. Although it is less common to see this syndrome in Europeans, Africans, and Mexican-Americans, people of Jewish descent do have a higher than average chance of suffering from it. The negative aspects of alcohol flush reaction go beyond the aesthetic downside; the defect also abets rapid heartbeat, nausea, headaches, and overall discomfort. Unfortunately, research from South Korea has shown that among people who sip four or more drinks per week, men with alcohol flush reaction were over twice as likely to develop high blood pressure later in life than guys who didnБt suffer from the defect. This puts those affected at, stroke, and other hypertension-related health issues. But that doesnБt mean you need to shy away from the camera at every bar outing and happy hour you attend; although there is no cure, there are tactics to indulge yourself and minimize the rosy cheeks. For starters, donБt start chugging cocktails to try and build up a tolerance with fingers crossed that the redness will eventually subside; unfortunately, it doesnБt work that way.
Doctors avidly discourage this strategy as it may actually aggravate the condition. Instead, ; ideally, men should stick to two standard alcoholic drinks per day and women should adhere to a maximum of one alcoholic drink per day. Binge drinking will drastically overload your body, so stay away from the beer bong at parties. But the best way to regulate the flush is to eat before or while you drink. A full stomach will protect the stomach lining against excessive alcohol irritationБand could even. Fatty and carbohydrate-rich foods (pizza, bread, etc. ) can stop the alcohol from entering the small intestines too quickly, slowing down the rate of alcohol absorption. If youБre suffering with alcohol flush reaction, identify your limit and avoid exceeding it as much as possible. That may mean bidding adieu to your favorite drinks, so try this in the meantime. б More:, How does your body process alcohol? When you enjoy an alcoholic drink, your body works right away to break down that ethanol. In the liver, an enzyme called alcohol dehydrogenase first strips the ethanol of electrons to make acetaldehyde.
Then a different enzyme called aldehyde dehydrogenase coverts that acetaldehyde into acetic acid. In addition, your body also processes alcohol in the kidneys (leaving out through your urine) and lungs (leaving your body when you exhale). Why do some people blush when they drink? The technical term is called Alcohol Flush Reaction (or AFR). People with AFR have a mutation that makes them unable to produce aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), one of the enzymes that metabolizes alcohol in your liver. Rather than break down alcohol into acetic acid, acetaldehyde builds up in excessive amounts, causing flushed skin complexion, increase in heart rate, headaches, and nausea. Are Asians more likely to get flushed when drinking? Scientists estimate that about 500 million people have AFR worldwide, with as many as 50% of them being of East Asian descent. This is why you may have heard of AFR by some of its other names: "The Asian Glow" or "The Asian Flush". What causes hangovers and can hangovers be prevented? (via HealthXchange. com) DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos twice daily.
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