why does asparagus make your urine smell funny
If you ve ever noticed a strange, not-entirely-pleasant scent coming from your urine after you eat asparagus, you re definitely not alone. Distinguished thinkers as varied as Scottish mathematician and physician (who wrote in a 1731 book that asparagus affects the urine with a foetid smell ) and Marcel Proust ( the vegetable transforms my chamber-pot into a flask of perfume ) have commented on the phenomenon. Even Benjamin Franklin took note, stating in
to the Royal Academy of Brussels that A few Stems of Asparagus eaten, shall give our Urine a disagreable Odour (he was trying to convince the academy to To discover some Drug that shall render the natural Discharges of Wind from our Bodies, not only inoffensive, but agreable as Perfumes a goal that, alas, modern science has still not achieved). But modern science has, at least, shed some light on why this one particular vegetable has such an unusual and potent impact on the scent of urine. Scientists tell us that the asparagus-urine link all comes down to one chemical:. Asparagusic acid, as the name implies, is (to our knowledge) only found in asparagus. When our bodies digest the vegetable, they break down this chemical into a group of related sulfur-containing compounds with long, complicated names (including dimethyl sulfide, dimethyl disulfide, dimethyl sulfoxide and dimethyl sulfone). As with many other substances that include such as garlic, skunk spray and odorized natural gas these sulfur-containing molecules convey a powerful, typically unpleasant scent. All of these molecules also share another key characteristic: They re, meaning that have a low enough boiling point that they can vaporize and enter a gaseous state at room temperature, which allows them to travel from urine into the air and up your nose.
Asparagusic acid, on the other hand, isn t volatile, so asparagus itself doesn t convey the same rotten smell. But once your body converts asparagusic acid into these volatile, sulfur-bearing compounds, the distinctive aroma can be generated quite quickly in some cases, it s been detected in the urine of people who ate asparagus just 15-30 minutes earlier. Of course, the whole asparagus-urine scent issue is complicated by an entire separate issue: Some people simply don t smell anything different when urinate after they eat asparagus. Scientists have long been divided into two camps in explaining this issue. Some believe that, for physiological reasons, these people (which constitute anywhere from 20 to 40 percent of the population) don t produce the aroma in their urine when they digest asparagus, while others think that they produce the exact same scent, but somehow lack the ability to smell it. On the whole, the evidence is mixed. Initially, a pair of studies conducted in the 1980s with participants from and found that everyone produced the characteristic scent, and that a minority of people were simply unable to smell it. People with the ability to detect the scent, though, were able to smell it even in the urine of those who couldn t smell it, indicating that the differences were rooted in perception, not production.
More recent studies, though, suggest the issue is a bit more complicated. The, from 2010, found that differences existed between individuals in both the production and detection of the scent. Overall, scientists now conclude that most of the difference is in perception that is, if your urine doesn t seem to smell any differently after you eat asparagus, it s likely that you simply can t perceive the sulfurous compounds foul odor, but there s a small chance it s because your body digests asparagus in a way that reduces the concentration of these chemicals in your urine. It s still unclear why some people don t produce the smell, but we do seem to have a clear explanation of why some people don t perceive it. In 2010, the genetic sequencing company conducted in which they asked nearly 10,000 customers if they noticed any scent in their urine after eating asparagus, and looked for genetic similarities among those who couldn t. This peculiarity which you might consider useful if you eat asparagus frequently appears to stem from a single genetic mutation, a switched base-pair among a cluster of 50 different genes that code for olfactory receptors. We re still waiting for some enterprising team of scientists to attempt gene therapy to convert smellers into non-smellers but given other priorities to use genetic modification to and, it seems likely that those suffering from asparagus-scented urine might have to wait a while. In every issue of WebMD the Magazine, we ask our experts to answer readers' questions about a wide range of topics.
In our July-August 2010 issue, we turned to WebMD's Expert, Carolyn O'Neil, MS, RD, to learn just why asparagus makes our urine smell, well, different. Q: I've noticed that when I eat asparagus, my urine has a funny smell. Is that normal? A: It's totally normal. In fact, the effect of asparagus on urine odor has been observed for centuries. French novelist Marcel Proust famously wrote in 1913 that asparagus "transforms my chamber-pot into a flask of perfume. " And one British men's club is said to have put up a sign reading, "During the asparagus season, members are requested not to relieve themselves in the hat stand. " Depending on which study you read, between 22% and 50% of the population report having pungent pee after eating asparagus. But that doesn't mean only some people's bodies generate that smell. Researchers believe that, during digestion, the vegetable's sulfurous amino acids break down into smelly chemical components in all people. And because those components are "volatile," meaning airborne, the odor wafts upward as the urine leaves the body and can be detected as soon as 15 minutes after you eat this spring delicacy. But only about one-quarter of the population appears to have the special gene that allows them to smell those compounds. So the issue isn't whether or not your pee is smelly; it's whether you're able to smell it. If you smell a funny fragrance in your urine after you eat asparagus, you're not only normal, you have a good nose. В 2010 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.
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