why do you get brown spots on your skin
Age spots arenвt dangerous and donвt cause any health problems. Treatment isnвt necessary, but some people want to remove age spots because of their appearance. Your healthcare provider may prescribe bleaching creams to fade the age spots gradually. These usually contain hydroquinone, with or without retinoids such as tretinoin. Bleaching creams usually take several months to fade age spots. Bleaching and tretinoin creams make your skin more sensitive to UV damage. You will need to wear sunscreen at all times during treatment and continue to wear sunscreen, even on cloudy days, after fading the spots. There are several medical procedures that can remove or reduce age spots. Each medical procedure carries a risk of side effects and complications. Ask your dermatologist, plastic surgeon, or skin care professional about which treatment is the most appropriate for your skin. , which emits a range of light waves that passes through the skin and targets melanin to destroy or breakup the spots, which remove the outer layer of your skin so new skin can grow in its place, which smooths off the outer layers of the skin so new skin can grow in its place, which freezes individual age spots with liquid nitrogen
Always wear sunscreen after treatment to protect your healing skin from UV damage and to prevent the reoccurrence of the spots.
There are many over-the-counter creams available that are marketed for removing age spots. However, these creams arenвt as strong as prescription creams. They may or may not effectively remove your excess skin pigmentation. If you want to use an over-the-counter cream, choose one that contains hydroquinone, deoxyarbutin, glycolic acid, alpha hydroxy acid, or kojic acid.
Cosmetics donвt remove age spots. Instead, they cover them. Ask your dermatologist, plastic surgeon, or makeup counter salesperson to recommend brands that effectively conceal age spots. Brown spots on the skin generally do not indicate a cause for alarm. These naturally occurring features can appear as small brown blotches from exposure to ultraviolet light. Seborrheic keratoses also presents as brown spots on the skin. While they can appear alarming, these are also benign. Brown skin spots can indicate a more severe problem, however. Melanoma, a type of skin cancer, often appears as brownish spots, and accounts for 77 percent of all deaths from skin cancer, according to SkinCancerNet. CNN Health reports that ultraviolet light increases the production of melanin, a dark pigment in the skin. Brown spots on the skin, also referred to as liver spots, may occur when extra melanin clumps together.
Exposure to sun and tanning beds, both of which emit ultraviolet light, can hasten the development of these liver spots; however, it often takes years for the pigment to become pronounced enough to notice. These harmless spots do not require treatment, but sufferers can use skin-bleaching products to lighten the spots. Seborrhoeic keratoses, also called basal cell papillomas, senile warts or brown warts, appear as brown spots on the skin as people age, according to DermNet NZ. While usually not dangerous, these skin lesions sometimes resemble skin cancers. Suborrhoeic keratoses occurs as a byproduct of aging, and can appear following a sunburn or dermatitis. These lesions are easily removed using liquid nitrogen, curettage and cautery, laser surgery or shave biopsy. Melanoma may appear as a changing mole with irregular borders in varying shades of brown, among other colors.
SkinCancerNet says that this form of cancer has the highest likelihood of spreading to lymph nodes and internal organs. With early detection and treatment, however, 95 percent of melanoma cases are curable. Most forms of melanoma progress rapidly. According to the American Cancer Society, melanoma treatment may include removal surgery, chemotherapy or immunotherapy. Age spots can develop in people with dark or light complexions. Medline Health suggests that these liver spots are very common in people over 40. Classic symptoms include: brown, gray or black spots; increased areas of pigmentation that are oval and flat; and are seen in skin that has increased sun exposure over the years, such as the shoulders, back of your hands, feet, face and your upper back, reports CNN Health.
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