why do white spots appear on nails
White spots or dots on your nails are common. Several issues can cause them. These possible causes include:
An allergy to a nail polish, gloss, hardener, or nail polish remover may cause white spots on your nails. The use of acrylic or gel nails can also badly damage your nails and may cause these white spots. A common nail fungus called white superficial onychomycosis can appear on the toenails. The first sign of the infection may be a few small white dots on the nails. The infection can grow and spread to the nail bed. Toenails may appear flaky and then become thick and brittle. An injury at the base of your fingernail can cause white spots or dots on your nail as it grows. However, because of the time it takes for your fingernails to grow, you may not recall the injury. Some injuries will not show up for four weeks or more. Frequent manicures may also cause damage that results in these white spots on your nails. Pressure applied by the manicurist may damage the nail beds. You may notice white spots or dots along your nails if you are deficient in certain minerals or vitamins. The deficiencies most commonly linked to this issue are and. renal, or, failure or While possible, these causes are very rare.
Your doctor will likely explore a host of other conditions if you have persistent white spots on your nails before considering these more serious issues. Both finger and toenails are usually pale pink in color, with a lighter crescent shape at the bottom of the nail known as the lunula. White spots can sometimes appear on the nail. When this happens, it is known as punctate leukonychia. There are several types of leukonychia. What is leukonychia? Total leukonychia refers to a condition where the whole nail plate is totally white in color. Another type is partial leukonychia. There are three main types of partial leukonychia: Punctate leukonychia, which presents as small white spots. Longitudinal leukonychia, which presents as a white band down the nail. Striate or transverse leukonychia, where one or more horizontal lines appear across the nail, parallel to the lunula. These are also sometimes called Mees lines. Patches of white skin, known as leukoderma, underneath the nail can sometimes give the impression of partial leukonychia.
Leukonychia can be divided into When the white spot or line is caused by damage to the nail, the condition is known as true leukonychia. With true leukonychia, the white areas remain unaffected when pressure is put on them. These areas will grow out as the nail does. Apparent leukonychia occurs when the bed underneath the nail is affected. With apparent leukonychia, the nail bed affects the color of the nail plate. It will lessen or disappear under pressure and will not grow out with the nail. Anyone can have white nails, no matter their sex, age, or ethnicity. Leukonychia can be caused by a variety of different factors, depending on the type. Injury to the nail plate or the area where the nail grows from, known as the matrix, can cause damage to the nail. This type of injury is common in children and is usually the cause of white spots on the nail. footwear that is too small, causing abnormal pressure on the nails As a result of these injuries, the spot will grow out with the nail. Some forms of poisoning or medication can also cause leukonychia. This cause is relatively rare and often results in transverse leukonychia. heavy metal poisoning from metals, such as lead and arsenic treatment for, which is either given by mouth, injection, or infusion through the skin to try and kill cancer cells or stop them from dividing sulphonamides, a medication used for bacterial infections, such as skin infections, septicemia, and infections of the urinary tract Systemic diseases can also cause white nails.
If so, they are a signal that there is a problem elsewhere in the body. Again, this is rarely the cause of white spots. iron deficiency, a lack of iron in the body liver, which is scarring of the liver, an overactive thyroid resulting in abnormal levels of the thyroid hormone in the body Fungal disease or infection of the nail or skin disease around the nail can also cause white spots to appear. Nails grow slowly. for a fingernail takes between 6-9 months, while a toenail takes between 12-18 months. As a result, the presence of white spots or nails could be the sign of an injury or condition that occurred, or began, several months before. In very rare cases, white nails can be a genetic condition. However, this is usually only because of the presence of, such as: Bart-Pumphrey syndrome, which involves nail problems, knuckle issues, and Buschkell-Gorlin syndrome, which involves nail problems, skin and Bauer syndrome, which involves nail problems and skin cysts Darier disease, which involves wart-like blemishes on various parts of the body Treatment will depend on the cause of the white spots.
If a doctor is uncertain of the cause, there are several tests that they may use to help them make a diagnosis: mycology, where fungi and nail clippings are sent away for the study nail biopsy, where a doctor removes a small piece of tissue for testing There is no treatment for just white spots on their own. Those that have been caused by trauma will naturally grow out over time. If they are being caused by something other than trauma, the doctor will need to identify the cause and treat it separately. If someone has any concerns over white spots on their nails, they should go and see a doctor. There are ways that a person can prevent white spots appearing again. Preventive steps include: In most cases, white spots on the nail are not a problem and will go away in time.
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