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why do you get bloody noses at night

You dont need to see your doctor for the occasional nose bleed. Do see your doctor if you get nose bleeds more than once a week or if theyre hard to stop. You bleed a lot, or you have trouble stopping the bleeding within 30 minutes. You get pale, dizzy, or tired during a nosebleed. The nosebleeds started after an injury or surgery. You have other symptoms, such as chest pain. Its hard for you to breathe during a nosebleed. Very rarely, nighttime nose bleeds are caused by a more serious condition called. This inherited disease makes you bleed more easily. Frequent bloody noses are common with HHT. People with HHT get a lot of nosebleeds and the bleeding can be heavy. Another sign of HHT is cherry-red spots on your face or hands. These are called. If you have these symptoms, see your doctor for a diagnosis.
Anyone can get a bloody nose once in a while. But if youve noticed that your nose bleeds frequently, or an unusual-looking blood spot has suddenly appeared on your skin, its time to seek medical help.

These symptoms might indicate a rare blood vessel disorder known as , or HHT. This hereditary disease predisposes patients to bleeding symptoms. Patients with HHT have abnormal blood vessels, says, a pulmonary medicine specialist with Cleveland Clinic. As Dr. Parambil explains, its a tricky disease to detect in the early stages. Keeping track of your familys history of disease is an important part of diagnosis and treatment. When does it start? HHT can show up at just about any age, Dr. Parambil says. Weve seen it anywhere from babies all the way to adulthood. Patients experience whats called age-related penetrance. This means they have the inherited genetic mutation for HHT, but symptoms may not show up until later on in life. Dr. Parambil says this likely means there are other factors at play in HHT, beyond known genetic mutations. What are the symptoms? The most obvious symptom is a bloody nose that gets worse over time.

This bloody nose reoccurs without any known warning or trauma to the nose. If patients have bloody noses at night and wake up with their pillow soaked, thats one of the clues, Dr. Parambil says. The other tell-tale sign of HHT is called telangiectasias, or cherry-red blood spots on the face, lips or hands. HHT is tricky to diagnose and probably underdiagnosed because it has no consistent pattern of presentation, Dr. Parambil explains. Bleeding symptoms vary widely, even among family members. And because of age-related penetrance, patients may discover the disease as children or adults. So its unpredictable. On top of that, not everyone with HHT will have nosebleeds and skin spots. The bigger problem with this disease is you can have these abnormal blood vessels that sit and enlarge in the lungs and brain, he says. This can result in something catastrophic like a lung bleed or a brain bleed with a strokeand thats the first manifestation of the disease.

Another reason theres underdiagnosis: Many patients and doctors simply arent familiar with this disease, Dr. Parambil observes. If you know of a family member with HHT, its important for you to get screened for it. Even in patients with no symptoms, centers such as Cleveland Clinic do genetic and clinical screening periodically. Screening may include echocardiography, CT scans of the lungs and MRI of the brain. These help find silent blood vessels that could be sitting there and waiting to rupture and cause serious problems, Dr. Parambil says. If you suspect HHT, you can also seek help from. Theyve been very good at directing patients toward HHT centers throughout the country that have groups of physicians who specialize in HHT, Dr. Parambil says. There are several treatments for patients who have chronic and recurrent nosebleeds. For example, an ear, nose and throat specialist can treat lesions with lasers, or sometimes take a patch of skin and sew it into the nose so that it doesnt bleed.

In extreme situations, the nostrils need to be sewn shut permanently. This means the patient will have to breathe through their mouth and they will lose their sense of smell and taste. However, the procedure can be done in a way that doesnt alter the outward physical appearance of the nose. For many patients with severe bleeds, this is a preferable alternative to getting blood transfusions every week. Surgery was once the standard solution to treat enlarging blood vessels in the brain and lungs. But now, with interventional radiology, we can put coils into these blood vessels and cause them to obliterate, which is an outpatient procedure, Dr. Parambil says. With better options available to treat and control HHT, patients are living long lives. The key is screening and looking for the disease early, Dr. Parambil emphasizes.

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