why do you lose weight with diabetes
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder where the body does not use energy properly. One of the symptoms of diabetes is sudden and unexplained weight loss. Excessive hunger and thirst are two other symptoms, and patients with untreated diabetes may find themselves losing weight even as they are eating and drinking more than usual. There are several reasons why people with diabetes lose weight, but to better understand why weight loss occurs, you need to explore how diabetes affects the body. Under normal circumstances, your body converts food into sugar during the digestive process. The sugar enters your bloodstream and the pancreas, a small organ behind the liver, release a chemical known as insulin. Insulin tells all the cells in the body to take sugar from the blood and convert it to energy, which the cells use as fuel. There are two types of diabetes mellitus -- type 1 and type 2. With type 1 diabetes, the body either does not make insulin, or it does not make enough, and the cells never get the chemical signal to absorb sugar from the blood. With type 2 diabetes, the body makes insulin but the cells do not respond to the chemical signals, or they respond incorrectly.
In both instances, the sugar stays in the bloodstream, where the body is unable to use it for energy. When the cells are unable to use sugar for energy, they send a signal to the brain that they need more fuel. The brain then triggers the hunger response to encourage you to eat, hence the excessive hunger that often occurs with diabetes. However, the more you eat, the more sugar ends up in your bloodstream instead of in the cells, where it belongs. You kidneys then have to work overtime to clear the sugar from your blood through the urine. Your kidneys have to use a lot of water to flush out the sugar, hence the excessive thirst. In addition to triggering the hunger response, the brain also breaks down muscle tissue and fat in an effort to provide energy for the cells. It is this process that causes the sudden weight loss associated with diabetes. If the condition continues, untreated, the body can go into ketoacidosis, according to БThe Principles of Anatomy and Physiology. Б In ketoacidosis, the body produces chemicals called ketones from breaking down fats too quickly. These ketones enter the bloodstream and make the blood acidic, which can cause organ damage and even death.
I have a friend that is 35 and has.
For the past eight years, his weight has always been in check and if anything he may have been a little. Just recently, he has lost a lot of weight and he told me that he weighs less than he did in high school. I think he looks too thin and I am concerned about his health with him being a diabetic. Should there be a concern and what kind of advice can you give me to pass on to him. We often assume is good and healthy. A slow steady intentional using nutritional change and is associated with beneficial effects on the heart, and. In addition, can reduce " and make muscles and fat tissues more sensitive to circulating levels in the blood. A reduction in insulin resistance is problematic because insulin is needed to help glucose enter these tissues to be metabolized. If these tissues are resistant to insulin, higher than normal levels are needed for this process to occur. This is often the case in. As a result, a vicious cycle occurs, the higher the insulin levels are, the harder it is to lose weight (insulin is anabolic, and is a hormone that likes to store fat). On the other hand, the heavier a person is, the more likely they are to have higher insulin levels.
As you can see, the cycle is often hard to break. While intentional weight loss in people with is usually a good thing, unintentional weight loss is not. If blood sugars are very high, patients with tend to urinate a lot, and this results in as a possible cause of weight loss. Also, muscle breakdown can occur if sugars are too high, causing an unhealthy weight loss. Actually, many patients with diabetes present for the first time to their doctor's office because of unexplained loss of weight. In addition to diabetes, there are other concerning causes of unexpected weight loss which should be explored such as and. In summary, a supervised attempt to in people who can without risk is usually of benefit. However in certain cases such as if blood sugars are too high or too low or if is present, it can be dangerous. This is why all exercise and should be started only after discussion with a physician. Any unexplained weight loss, in patients with or without known diabetes may be a sign of high blood sugars or another serious illness. It is absolutely necessary to see a physician and undergo a complete evaluation in these cases.
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