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why do you get a sore throat

Causes of sore throats range from infections to injuries. Here are eight of the most common sore throat causes. 1. Colds, the flu, and other viral infections
Viruses cause about 90 percent of sore throats ( ). Among the viruses that cause sore throats are: the influenza в the, an infectious disease thatвs transmitted through saliva, an illness that causes a rash and fever, an infection that causes a fever and an itchy, bumpy rash, an infection that causes swelling of the salivary glands in the neck 2. Strep throat and other bacterial infections Bacterial infections can also cause sore throats. The most common one is, an infection of the throat and tonsils caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria. Strep throat causes nearly 40 percent of sore throat cases in children ( ). Tonsillitis, and sexually transmitted infections like gonorrhea and chlamydia can also cause a sore throat. 3.

Allergies When the immune system reacts to triggers like pollen, grass, and pet dander, it releases chemicals that cause symptoms like nasal congestion, watery eyes, sneezing, and throat irritation. Excess mucus in the nose can drip down the back of the throat. This is called postnasal drip and can irritate the throat. 4. Dry air Dry air can suck moisture from the mouth and throat, and leave them feeling dry and scratchy. The air is most likely dry in the winter months when the heater is running. 5. Smoke, chemicals, and other irritants Many different chemicals and other substances in the environment irritate the throat, including: cigarette and other After September 11, more than 62 percent of responding firefighters reported frequent sore throats.

Only 3. 2 percent had had sore throats before the World Trade Center disaster ( ). 6. Injury Any injury, such as a hit or cut to the neck, can cause pain in the throat. Getting a piece of food stuck in your throat can also irritate it. Repeated use strains the vocal cords and muscles in the throat. You can get a sore throat after yelling, talking loudly, or singing for a long period of time. Sore throats are a common complaint among fitness instructors and teachers, who often have to yell ( ). 7. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which acid from the stomach backs up into the esophagus в the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach. The acid burns the esophagus and throat, causing symptoms like heartburn and acid reflux в the regurgitation of acid into your throat. 8.

Tumor A tumor of the throat, voice box, or tongue is a less common cause of a sore throat. When a sore throat is a sign of, it doesnвt go away after a few days. Something You Ate? When acid from your comes up through your -- the tube that carries food from the to the stomach -- your throat can get sore and irritated. Known as, this is one of the most overlooked causes of sore throats. БIf you feel fine besides the sore throat and don't have, for example, a fever, you might have,Б says Gordon J. Siegel, MD. He's an assistant clinical professor of otolaryngology-head and neck surgery at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. People with acid reflux may also have a dry, trouble swallowing, and feel like they have a lump in their throat. If you have acid reflux, your doctor may suggest some lifestyle changes, like switching to a low-fat, and limiting alcohol and coffee.

Over-the-counter may help, or your doctor may prescribe you something. A runny nose can lead to post-nasal drip, when mucus runs down the back of your throat. If you think are the cause of your sore throat, and runny nose, try an over-the-counter medication. If that doesnБt bring relief, talk with your doctor about other treatment options. If your sore throat is severe. You have a sore throat isn't better after 3 days. YouБve had a fever higher than 100. 4 F for more than 2 days. You have other medical problems such as, or are. You may be at a higher risk of complications from infections from a sore throat. Seek emergency medical help if you have a sore throat and have or swallowing. б 2013 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.

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