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why do you swell at the end of pregnancy

During pregnancy, the body produces approximately 50% more bloodPand body fluids to meet the needs of the developing baby. SwellingPis a normal part of pregnancy that is caused by this additional bloodPand fluid. Normal swelling, which is also called
edema, isPexperienced in the hands, face, legs, ankles, and feet. This extra retention of fluid is needed to soften the body, whichPenables it to expand as the baby develops. Extra fluid also helpsPprepare the pelvic joints and tissues to open for delivery. The extra fluids account for approximately 25% of the weightPwomen gain during pregnancy. When does swelling occur during pregnancy? Swelling may be experienced at any point during pregnancy, but itPtends to be noticed around the fifth month and can increase whilePyou are in the.

The following factors may also affectPswelling: Slight swelling is expected during pregnancy; however, if you experiencePsudden swelling in your hands and your face, it could be a sign ofP. PIt is important to contact your health care provider about any suddenPswelling. What can you do to treat swelling during pregnancy? Swelling may be reduced by eating foods that are high in potassium,Psuch as bananas, and by avoiding caffeine. Here are some other helpfulPhints to manage swelling during your pregnancy: Avoid standing for long periods. Minimize outdoor time when it is hot.

Rest with your feet elevated. Wear comfortable shoes, avoiding high heelsPif possible. Wear supportive tights or stockings. Avoid clothes that are tight around yourPwrists or ankles. Rest or swim in a pool. Use cold compresses on swollen areas. Drink water, which helps flush the body andPreduce water retention. Minimize sodium (salt) intake and avoidPadding additional salt to meals. Compiled using information from the following sources: Mayo Clinic Guide To A Healthy Pregnancy Harms, Roger W. , M. D. , et al, Part 3. Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Newborn: The Complete Guide. Simkin, Penny, P. T. , et al, Ch. 6. In deep vein thrombosis, blood clots form in veins located deep within part of the body, often in the legs.

Pregnancy increases the risk of this disorder in several ways. During pregnancy, the body produces more of the proteins that help blood clot (clotting factors), probably intended to prevent too much bleeding during childbirth. Also, changes during pregnancy cause blood to back up in veins, making clots more likely to form. If the pregnant woman is less mobile, blood is even more likely to back up in leg veins and clot. The clots may interfere with blood flow. If a blood clot breaks loose, it can travel through the bloodstream to the lungs, blocking blood flow there. This blockage (called pulmonary embolism) is life threatening.

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