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why do you retain water before your period

Many women experience fluid retention in the few days before their period starts. Fluid retention, which occurs because of hormone changes associated with the menstrual cycle, can cause breast tenderness, uncomfortable swelling in your hands and feet, abdominal bloating and weight gain. You can take some simple steps to reduce fluid retention around the time of your period. In severe cases, your doctor might prescribe medication. Diet and exercise can reduce excess fluid. Diet and exercise can reduce excess fluid. Sodium attracts and holds fluid, so cutting down on your salt intake can reduce fluid retention around the time of your period. Many women experience sugar cravings before their period. But excess carbohydrate intake, particularly when combined with high salt intake, can worsen fluid retention.

Maintaining a routine of aerobic exercise 3 to 4 times a week can also help control fluid retention. Over-the-counter supplements may be helpful with fluid retention in more severe cases. In severe cases, over-the counter supplements might help with fluid retention. A study of 150 women published in 2010 in the "Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research" found that daily supplementation of 250 mg of magnesium plus 40 mg of vitamin B6 reduced self-reported premenstrual syndrome symptoms more significantly than magnesium alone or a pill with no active ingredients. The U. S. Food and Drug Administration has approved three over-the-counter medications to treat fluid retention: ammonium chloride, caffeine and pamabrom, the drug most commonly used in over-the-counter medications for premenstrual symptoms.
Is water retention a regular premenstrual symptom for you?

Here's help to feel better. Premenstrual water retention is likely caused by fluctuations in your hormones. Your diet also might play a role. Most women who menstruate experience symptoms such as bloating one to two days before the start of their periods. Others regularly experience symptoms during the five days before their periods that interfere with some of their normal activities. This is called premenstrual syndrome (PMS). To reduce premenstrual water retention, consider: Limiting salt in your diet. Eating a lot of salty food might make water retention worse. Magnesium. Taking magnesium supplements might help reduce water retention. Talk to your doctor before taking a supplement. Water pills (diuretics).

These medications are available by prescription to help reduce fluid buildup. Be aware that taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen sodium (Aleve, others), and diuretics at the same time can cause kidney damage. Some evidence also suggests that regular aerobic exercise and relaxation techniques, such as breathing exercises, meditation, yoga and massage, can lessen PMS symptoms. If you continue to be troubled by monthly water retention, consult your doctor. He or she might suggest that you keep a symptom diary for a few months. This can help confirm that your symptoms are related to your menstrual cycle, rather than other causes. Your doctor can also help determine the best treatment for you. Jan. 30, 2018

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